Ierusalem

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Jerusalem infobox image.JPG

Ierusalem is gamlu burg þæm Hāligan Lande. Hēo is Israhēles hēafodstōl. Ðēos ceaster stent on plateau in þæm Iudēiscum Beorgum (and þās dūnas licgað betwuh Wendelsǣ and se Dēada Sǣ. Hēo onmang Middangeardes ieldstum burgum and is hāligu burg sēo is to ārienne on Iudeum and on Cristnum and ēac ārod is hēo on Mahometfolgendum.

In hiere langum stǣr haefþ Ierusalem gelagon adiglod huru tuwa, Hēo wæs ymbseten þrēo and twentig siðon, gesohten mid unfriþe twegen and fēowertig siðon, and wæs gefangen and eft gefangen fēower and fēowertig siðon.[1] Þisse ceastre dæl be naman Dauides Burg wæs gesetlod in the fēorþa gearþūsand beforan Cristes tōcyme.[2] Bred in Ǣgypte nemneþ Ierusalem "Urusalim" and man hycgþ þe þes nama mǣnþ "Scealemes Ceaster" æfter dēofelgyld þāra Canaanwara forþæm þe þēos gewrit wæs in þæm Canaanwara ielde (14. gearhund bC).

In þære Israhēlisan ielde began miclu timbrung in Ierusalem in þæm 9. gearhunde bC and in þæm 8. gearhund weax sēo ceaster swa ǣfæstnesse burg and rīcestōl for Iudean þæm rīce.[3]

In 1538 eft timbrode Suleiman Cyning þā ceasterweall ymbe Ierusalem and his weall stent todæg and beclingaþ þā Eald Ceaster. Þēos Eald Ceaster is bedæled fēower endum þā siððan þæm ærroran 19, gearhund hatton se Armenisca Ende, se Cristen Ende, se Iudeisca Ende, and se Mahometfolgenda Ende.[4]

Fearr ofer his weallum hæfþ Ierusalem geweoxen. In 2015 hæfde Ierusalem 850,000 onwunendas, and of him sind 200,000 woruldfæst Iudeisca Israhēlware, 350,000 Haredi Iudeas and 300,000 Arabas.

Emblem of Jerusalem.svg

Ierusalemes ylda[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

IsrahēlIsrahēlBryttisce RīceOþomanisce RīceMamluk RīceMongolisce RīceAyyubid RīceIerusalemrīceFatimid RīceUmayyad RīceRashidun CaliphateĒast Rōmānisce RīceSassanisc Rōmānisce RīceĒast Rōmānisce RīceRōmānisce RīceBar Kokhba gewinnRōmānisce RīceHasmoniscMæcedonisce RīceAchaemenisce RīceBabylonisce RīceAssyrisce RīceIsrahel and IudahǢgyptes Nīw CynerīceCanaan
Panorámica de Jerusalén desde el Monte de los Olivos.jpg

Frūman[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

  1. Cline, Eric H.: Jerusalem Besieged
  2. Timeline for the History of Jerusalem: Jewish Virtual Library
  3. Moore, Megan Bishop and Kelle, Brad E.: Biblical History and Israel's Past: The Changing Study of the Bible and History (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2011)
  4. Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua: Jerusalem in the 19th Century, The Old City (Yad Izhak Ben Zvi & St. Martin's Press, 1984) page 14 ISBN 0-312-44187-8