Bryttisce Wealdendas

Fram Wikipǣdian

Þis geƿrit hæfþ ƿordcƿide on Nīƿenglisce.

Þēos is getalu Brytiscra Þēodcyninga, that is, þā anwealdendas þā hadde rīċe on sume þāra missenlican cynerīcum þā habbaþ existed on, or incorporated, Brytenīeg, namalice:

Ƿealdendas[adiht | adiht fruman]

Succession to the many thrones often did not pass smoothly from parent to child; lack of heirs, civil wars, murders and invasions affected the inheritance in ways that a simple list does not show. The relationships that formed the basis for claims to throne are noted where we know them, and the dates of reign indicated.

Engla Ƿealdendas Scotta Ƿealdendas
Nama Reign Notes Nama Reign Notes
Cerdicingas Alpiningas
Cenneþ I 843858 Formest cyning ofer Peohtum and Scottum
Dufenal I 858862 Cenneðes I brōðor
Constantine I 862877 Cenneþes I sunu
Ælfrēd Miċela 871899 Recognised as leader of all free Angelcynn under the Treaty of Wedmore, 878
Æd 877878 Cenneþes I sunu
Eochaid 878889 Áedes nefa
Jointly mid Girice ?
Giric 878889 Áedes first cousin ?
Dufenal II 889900 Constontines I sunu
Ēadweard se Ieldra 899924 Ælfrēdes sunu
Constontinus II 900943 Áedes sunu
Ælfweard 924 Ēadƿeardes sunu, Ƿestseaxna cyning ane
Æþelstan 924939 Ēadƿeardes sunu, ǣrest de facto cyning ofer eall Englalande.
Ēadmund I 939946 Ēadƿeardes sunu
Mælcolm I 943954 Dufenal II sunu
Ēadred 946955 Ēadƿeardes sunu
Indulf 954962 Constontines II sunu
Ēadƿig 955959 Ēadmundes sunu
Ēadgār 959975 Ēadmundes sunu
Dub 962966 Mælcolmes I sunu
Cuilén 966971 Indulfes sunu
Cenneþ II 971–? Mælcolmes I sunu
Ēadƿeard se Martyr 975978 Ēadgares sunu Anlaf ?–977 Indulfes sunu
Cenneþ II 977995 2nd reign
Æþelrǣd Unræd 9781013
Ēadgares sunu
Constontinus III 995997 Cuilénes sunu
Cenneþ III 9971005 Dubes sunu
Mælcolm II 10051034 Cenneþes II sunu
Eadmund Īsensīde 1016 Æþelrǣdes sunu
The Denisc Cyningas
Both the Saxon and Danish royal houses claimed the English throne, 1013 to 1016. Denemearc and Englaland had the ilcan cyning fram 1016 to 1042.
Swegn Harolding 10131014  
Cnut Swegning 10161035 Sƿeynes sunu
Dunecan I 10341040 Mælcolmes II suna sunu
Harold Harafōt 10351040 Cnutes sunu
Harðacnut 10401042 Canutes sunu Macbeoðen 10401057 Cenneþes III nifte rihtƿer
Ēadƿeard se Andettere 10421066 Æþelrǣdes sunu
Lulach 10571058 Cenneþes III great-grandson, Macbeoðnes steopsunu and cousin
Þæt Dunceld Hūs
Melcolm III 10581093 Duncanes I sunu
Harold Gōdƿines sunu 1066 Ēadƿeard se Andettere's brother-in-law[1]
Ēadgar Æðeling 1066 Grandson of Ēadmund Isernside
Þæt Normandiġ Hūs
After the Norman Conquest in 1066, numbering of kings (a French tradition never used by the English prior to that date) begins.
Ƿillelm Gehīersumiend 10661087 Feorlen byre of Ælfrēd se Grēata
Willelm II, Rufus 10871100 Willelmes I sunu
Dufenal III 10931094
Dunecanes I sunu
Dunecan II 1094 Mælcolmes III sunu
Ēadgar 10971107 Malcolmes III sunu
Heanric I 11001135 Willelmes I sunu, ofspring of Ælfrēd se Miċela
Alexander I 11071124 Malcolmes III son
Dauid I 11241153 Mælcolmes III sunu
Stefn 11351154 Ƿillelmes I sunusunu
Melcolm IV 11531165 Dauides I grandson
Þæt Plantaġenet Hūs
The Royal House name changed to reflect Matilda's marriage to Geoffrey Plantagenet.
Mæþhild 1141 Heanric I dōhtor, Ēadmund Isernsides great-great-granddaughter
Heanric II 11541189 Mæþhild sunu
Ƿillelm I 11651214 Dauides I grandson
Riċard I, Lēoheorte 11891199 Heanric II sunu
Engla and Īra Cyningas
In 1199, Iohannes ƿæs ǣr Īra Hlāford, þan iefede he þone Engliscan cynedōm. Ðæreft ƿæs se nama "Īra Hlāford" be Engla Cyningas geboren oð 1542, ðan nām Heanrig VIII Cyning þā title "Īra Cyning".
Iohannes "Landleas" 11991216 Henrys II sunu
Alexander II 12141249 Ƿillelmes I sunu
Heanric III 12161272 Iohannes sunu
Alexander III 12491286 Alexanderes II sunu
Ēadƿeard I "Langscancan" 12721307 Henrys III sunu
Margaret 1286-1290 Alexandres III nift, sēo næs gehalgod
Þæt Balliol Hūs
Þan Margaret forþferede in 1290 bād nān ierfa. Ēadƿeard I Engla Cyning forðæm ðe he ƿæs Scotlandes oferdryhten, dēmede betƿuh clafungum be Robert Bruce, 5. Hlāford of Annandæl and Iohanes Balliol and fund þe Balliol ƿære se rihta ierfa.
Iohannes 12921296 Dauides I fiftasunu
Þæt Bruce Hūs
When John Balliol rebelled, the Wars of Scottish Independence commenced, during which Robert se Bruce ƿearþ cyninge.
Roðbert I 13061329 Dauides I siextasunu
Ēadƿeard II 13071327 Ēadƿeardes I sunu
Ēadƿeard III 13271377 Ēadƿeardes II sunu
Dauid II 13291371 Robertes I sunu
Þæt Balliol Hūs
For a period of time, both Edward Balliol and Dauid II claimed the throne.
Ēadweard Balliol 13321336 Iohannes Ballioles sunu
Þæt Stīgƿeard Hūs
Engaged to the Dauphin æt fif ƿinteryld, Maria Stīgƿeard, Scotta Cƿēn ƿæs ðȳ aræred in þǣm Frenciscan hired þær hiere naman ƿrāt man "Marie Stuart, Reine de l'Écosse," etc., þe man mōt setan 'Steƿart' for Francna tungum. Ðan cƿōm Marie eft on Scottum in 1560 aheald hie ðisne naman 'Stuart' and hiera ierfan æfterƿeard.
Roðbert II 13711390 Roðbertes I sunsunu
Riċard II 13771399 Ēadƿeardes III sunsunu
Roðbert III 13901406 Roðbertes II sunu
Þæt Lonċeaster Hūs
Heanric Bolingbrōc ahƿearp Ricard II, and se Cynecynnes nama came to reflect Heanrices fæder binaman, Heretoga of Lonceastre.
Heanric IV 13991413 Ēadƿeardes III sunsunu
Iacobus I 14061437 Roðbertes III sunu
Heanric V 14131422 Heanrices IV sunu
Heanric VI 14221461
Heanrices V sunu
Iacobus II 14371460 James I's son
Iacobus III 14601488 Iacobes II sunu
Þæt Eoforƿic Hūs
The Houses of Lancaster and York had fought the Wars of the Roses, and the Yorkists took the throne.
Ēadƿēard IV 14611470
Ēadƿeardes III fēorþa sunu
Ēadƿeard V 1483 Ēadƿeardes IV sunu
Riċard III 14831485 Ēadƿeardes IV brōdor
The House of Tudor
The Lancastrian Heanric Tudor reclaimed the þone cynedōm of þǣm Eoferƿicingum.
Heanric VII 14851509 Ēadweardes III fifte sunu
Iacobus IV 14881513 Iacobes III sunu
Heanric VIII 15091547 Heanrices VII sunu and Ēadƿeardes IV dehter sunu
Iacobus V 15131542 Iacobes IV sunu
Mary I 15421567 Iacobes V dōhtor
Ēadƿeard VI 15471553 Heanrices VIII son
Iane 1553 Heanrices VII dohtordohtorsunu. Ne āccnāwen ġewunelīċe swā cwēn.[2][3]
Maria I 15531558 Heanrices VIII dōhtor
Elisabeþ I 15581603 Heanrices VIII dōhtor
Iacobus I (on Englum)
Iacobus VI (on Scottum)
16031625 Marie I sunu
Engla, Scotta and Īra Wealdendas
In 1603, James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne upon the death of Elizabeth I in what is known as the Union of the Crowns. From then until 1707, England, Scotland, and Ireland had shared monarchs.
Þæt Stīgƿeard Hūs
Nama Reign Notes
Iacobus I (on Englum)
Iacobus VI (on Scottum)
16031625 Marie Scotta Cƿēne sunu; great-great-grandson of Henry VII of England; first to be styled "Grēatre Bryten Cyning" (1604)
Carl I 16251649 James VI & I's son
The Period of Interregnum, (Commonwealth and Protectorate)
England had no king from 1649 to 1660, but the constitutional status of the government was never clear. For example, the Long Parliament, up until its dissolution on 20 April 1653, was commonly recognised as a Republic. It, however, styled itself as a Commonwealth. Following the dissolution of the Rump, a Nominated Assembly was formed. Not until Cromwell accepted the Instrument of Government on 15 December 1653 did the constitutional status of the regime change. From then on Oliver Cromwell was styled as Lord Protector, ruling through two Protectorate Parliaments. In 1659, Richard Cromwell abdicated, returning power to Parliament until the Stuart Restoration in 1660.
Nama Reign Notes
Oliver Cromƿell 16531658  
Ricard Cromwell 16581659 Oliver Cromƿell sunu
Þæt Stīgƿeard Hūs (restored)
Nama Reign Notes
Carl II 16601685 England
1649-1651 and 16601685 Scotland
(16491685 de jure)
Carles I ieldsta sunu (crowned at Scone, in Scotland, 1651). He officially dated his reign from his father's death
Iacobus II (Englaland)
Iacobus VII (Scotland)
16851689 Carles I giengra sunu
Maria II 16891694 Iacobes II ieldre dohtor
Efengemæcca mid hiere bandan, Willelm III
Willelm III (on Englum)
Willelm II (on Scottum)
16891702 Carles I grandson
Jointly mid his wīfe, Maria II
Anne 17021707
(full cynedom: 1702–1714)
Iacobes II dōhtor
Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
In 1707, the Act of Union merged the Englarīce and the Scottarīce in Grēatbrytten Cynerīce.
Þæt Stīgƿeard Hūs (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
Anne 17071714
(full reign: 1702–1714)
Iacobes II dohtor
Þæt Hanofer Hūs
Under the Act of Settlement 1701, the English (thus, the successor British) throne could only be held by a Protestant. Sophia of Hanofer, se niehtsta sƿylca nefa, ðȳ ƿeard be gesetnesse þe hie bið sēo niehste ierfe. Hie forðferde beforan Anne, and hiere stede ƿæs genimen be hiere sunan, se in þissum ƿise staðolede þæt Hanofer Hūs.
Georgius I 17141727 Iacobes I great-grandson
Georgius II 17271760 Gorgius I sunu
Georgius III 17601801
(full reign: 1760–1820)
Georges II sunusunu
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
In 1801, the Act of Union combined the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom.
Þæt Hanofer Hūs (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
Georgius III 18011820
(full reign: 1760–1820)
George II's grandson
Georgius IV 18201830 Georges III sunu
Willelm IV 18301837 Georges III sunu
Uictoria 18371901 Georges III granddaughter
Þæt Seaxe-Coburg-Gotha Hūs
Ðæs cynelican huses naman wæs æfter Ælfbeorhte Æþeling, but seo Cwen wæs of Hanoferingum.
Ēadƿeard VII 19011910 Victoria's son
Georgius V 19101917
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Ēadƿeardes VII sunu
Þæt Ƿindelsōran Hūs
The name of the Royal House changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917 due to anti-German sentiments during World War I.
Georgius V 19171927
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Ēadƿardes VII sunu
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
In 1922, the Irish Free State left the United Kingdom. The name of the Kingdom was amended in 1927 to reflect the change. Between 1927 and the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act in 1949 George V, Edward VIII, and George VI were also styled "King of Ireland".
Þæt Ƿindelsōran Hūs (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
Georgius V 19271936
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Ēadƿeardes VII sunu
Ēadweard VIII 1936 Georges V sunu; hē forscrah his rīce
Georgius VI 19361952 Ēadƿeard VIII brōðor (and Georges V sunu)
Elisabeþ II 19522022 Georges VI dōhtor
Carl III 8 Haligmōnaþ 2022 – andweard Elisabeþes II sunu; hē is ēac cyning ofer 15 other sovereign cynerīcum.

Glēsing[adiht | adiht fruman]

  1. Sume secgað þe Harold ƿæs eac descended from Ælfredes broþor Æþelrǣd Ƿestseaxna Cyning
  2. Proclaimed Queen on 10 July 1553, but deposed by Maria I æfter 9 dagum.
  3. Lady Jane is commonly listed as House of Tudor, despite her surname not being Tudor