Ēadgar Scotta Cyning

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Ēadgar Scotta Cyning
King Edgar of Scotland.jpg
Foregenga Dufenal III
Æftergenga Alexander
Fæder Mælcolm III
Modor Margareta
Geboren ymbe 1074
Deaþ 8 Ǣfter Gēola 1107
Edinburg
Byrgen Dunfermlin-mynster

Ēadgar (1074–8 Æfterra Gēola 1107), ƿæs Scotta Cyning of 1097 oð 1107. He ƿæs Mælcolmes III sunu and Margaretan.

Ēadgar sōhtede þone cynedōm in 1095, æfter þe Máel Petair murþrede Dunecan II, Ēadgares healf-brōþor. His ieldra brōþor Ēadmund ƿæs Dufenales Cyninges mann.

Ƿillelm II Engla Cyning fercode Ēadgar sƿa sƿa he hadde fercod Dunecan; gehƿæðere, se Engla cyning geaf lytle fultum and in 1095 heold Ēadgar anlic Loðene. Bōc geƿriten æt Dūnholm æt þissum tīde secgþ þe he ƿæs "Melcolmes Scotta Cyninges sunu ... se āh eall Loðene land and Scotta cynedōm be mīnes hlafordes Ƿillelmes Engla Cyninges giefu, and be fæder-ierfe."[1]

Ēadgar's claims hæfde fullæste of his brōþrum, Alexander and Dauid, and Ēadgares ēam, Ēadgar Æðeling forþæm hie ƿæron ƿitnesmenn þære bēc æt Dūnholm. Ēadmund his brōðor ƿæs for Dufenale.[2]

In 1096 ƿæs Ƿillelm cyning in Normandige and oþ 1097 ne fōn Ēadgar ne mā fullæst. In þæm geare forslōg he Dufenales and Ēadmundes þrēat in heardum ƿīgplege and fang to rīce. Ēadgares þrēates heretoga ƿæs Ēadgar Ætheling.[3]

On 29 Þrimilcemōnaþ 1099 þegned Ēadgar sƿa sƿeordbora æt Ƿillelmes Cyninges symbel to onspannenne Ƿestmynster Heall. Æfter Ƿillelmes Cyninges deaþ cƿōm Ēadgar Cyning ne eft on þæm Engla cyninges hired. He næs mid þæm hired þa ƿæs Heanrig I to cyninge gehalgod.[4]

In 1098, Ēadgar Cyning geþingode mid Magnus III Norrena Cyning, and mearcodon þæt landgemære betƿēonum Scottum and Normannum. Normannum geaf he þa īege þæs ƿeste and Cintir-næs, þa gēo heoldon hie.[5]

Ēadgar staðolede Coludingaham Mynster in 1098 and oþres munuchāde.

Ēadgar forþferde in Edinbyrig on 8 Æfter Geol 1107 and his banhus licþ æt Dunfermlin Mynster. Unbeƿeddod and bearnleas, he namode Alexander his brōþor sƿa his ierfa. Ēadgares cƿide ēac geaf Dauide land and sōc on Cumbrum (þa gamlan Stræcled Rīces land)[6] and man ƿolde Dauid "Dauid Cumbra Æþeling" hetan.

Glēsing[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

  1. Oram, leaf 46, secgþ þe sēo bōc hæfþ Loþene be Ƿillelmes giefe and Scotta cynedōm be fæderierfe; Dunecan, leaf 56.
  2. Oram, leaf 46.
  3. Oram, p.47; Duncan, pp/. 57–58.
  4. Duncan, p.58.
  5. Oram, p. 48.
  6. Duncan, p. 60; Oram, leaf 60.
  • Barrow, G. W. S., The Kingdom of the Scots. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2003. ISBN 0-7486-1803-1
  • Duncan, A. A. M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Oram, Richard, David I: The King Who Made Scotland. Tempus, Stroud, 2004. ISBN 0-7524-2825-X