Elisabeþ I Engla Cwēn

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Elisabeþ I
Elisabeþ I , "Darnley Portrait", c. 1575
Elisabeþ I , "Darnley Portrait", c. 1575
Cynedom 17 Blotmōnaþ 1558 – 24 Hreþmōnaþ 1603
Gehalgod 15 Æfterra Gēola 1559
Foregenga Maria I
Æftergenga Iacobus I
Hus Tudor Hus
Fæder Heanrig VIII
Modor Anne Boleyn
Geboren 7 Haligmōnaþ 1533
Deaþ 24 Hreþmōnaþ 1603
Scēn Heall, Sūþrige
Byrgen Westmynster Abbey
Handseten Elisabeþ I Engla Cwēn handseten

Elisabeþ I (7 Haligmōnaþ 1533 – 24 Hreþmōnaþ 1603) was Engla Cwēn and Īra Cwēn of 17 Blotmōnaþ 1558 oð hire dēaþe in 1603. Ēac hēt man hīe Fæmne Cwēn, Gloriana, oððe Bess sēo Gōde Cwēn, Elisabeþ wæs sēo fīfte and endemeste wealdend þæs Tudor Hūs.

Heanriges VIII dōhtor wæs hēo, ac hire mōdor, Anne Cwēn wæs behēafoded healf þridde wintras æfter Elisabeþe cenning, and sē Witangemōt asægde Elisabeþ dōcincel. Hire brōdor, Ēadweard VI, becwæþ se cynedōm tō Iane Grey Hlæford, þȳ ascerde he his sweostre ūt þæs æftergengnesse. His ierfegewrit forwearp man, and in 1558 Elisabeþ feng tō rīce æfter hire sweostor, þǣre Rōmeallicum Maria I, in hwǣs rīce hæfde Elisabeþ gebēon geseted in clomme for nēa ān wintre on fæcnunge of swīcdōm.

Elisabeþ agann tō wealdenne be gōdum rǣde[1], and hīe behogode on rǣdboranwerod, hwǣrof sē fyrmest mann wæs Willelm Cecil, Burglea Þegn. Ān hire firstan dǣda swa Cwēn wæs tō staðolienne þā Englisce Protestante cirice, hwǣrof weard hīe Hēafodreca. Þes Elisabeþisca Ǣfæstnes Seht bād fæst þurh hire cynedōm and wæs todæges Angelcirice cennung.

Nǣfre æwnede Elisabeþ, oððæt ðe man hit gebāsnade and sē Witangemōt hīe bād. Manig witan hæbbað gecneated hire gerād for þissum. Swa weax Elisabeþ ieldre weard hīe mære for hire mægþhāde, and begangol weax ymbe hire þe manig begollen in þisra daga gelicnessum, bewlātungum, and writtum.

In hire lēodwearde wæs Elisabeþ gemǣtor þonne hire fæder and sibbe.[2] Ān hire cwida wæs "video et taceo" ("Ic sēo and secge nāht").[3]

Elisabeþ næs būtan fahmannum. Forðæm ðe hēo wæs protestant, sē Spēna cyning and sē Pāpa sōhtedon tō foreāstreccenne hīe. Manig gereōnunge wæron in þǣm gēarum. Earfoþsæligor wæs Elisabeþe māge, Maria I Scotta Cwēn, hwā rīcsode on Scottum. Maria Cwēn bespræc ēac þā Engla cynehelm. In þǣre Cirice Ednīwunge on Scottum afliemede Maria on Englas; Elisabeþ hæftede hīe in 1568 and behēafoded hīe in 1587.

Elisabeþ wæs war in ūtlendiscum þingum. Hīe geaf sum lytel fultum tō cempungum in þāra Niðerlandum, Franclande and Īrlande. Noþȳlǣs, sige ofer þǣm Spēonisce Inswēogflēot in 1588 wyhtede hire naman swa swa sigedryhtna selost, feðanfrea in fēohte þe man heoldeþ biþ ān þāra Engla mæsta siga.

Elisabeþ brōhtede hire lēodwearde strengþu and lufu on folce in drēfrum ielde. Æfter þāra scortan cynedōmum Elisabeþe brēþer and sweostor, hire 44 wintra on þǣm cynestōle geafon fæstnes for þǣm rīce and hulpon tō scieppenne Angelþēod on Engla myndum.[2]

Elisabeþe rīces endmestan dagas hæfdon sār in golde and guðe and manige weardon werig. Tweontig wintrum æfter hire deaþ, halgode manig Elisabeþe swa wealdend annes gyldenre ielde, and þes þoht abideð on Englum. Elisabeþe cynedōm hēt man sēo Elisabeþyld, hwære lof sceawþ in þǣm Engliscum plegcræft sē þāh in þǣm gēarum, mid plegwyrtan swa swa Willelm Shakespeare and Christophorus Marlowe, and in þǣre hwatan sæfarunge þāra Engliscum beorna swa swa Francis Drake Cniht.

Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. "Ic myne tō rihtene ealle mīne dæda be gōdum wite and rǣde." Elisabeþe forma gemæþel swa Cwēn, Hæþfeld Hūs, 20 Blotmōnaþ 1558. Loades, 35.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Starkey, 5.
  3. Neale, 386.