Elisabeþ I Engla Cwēn

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Elisabeþ I
Elisabeþ I , "Darnley Portrait", c. 1575
Elisabeþ I , "Darnley Portrait", c. 1575
Cynedom 17 Blotmōnaþ 1558 – 24 Hreþmōnaþ 1603
Gehalgod 15 Æfterra Gēola 1559
Foregenga Maria I
Æftergenga Iacobus I
Hus Tudor Hus
Fæder Heanrig VIII
Modor Anne Boleyn
Geboren 7 Haligmōnaþ 1533
Deaþ 24 Hreþmōnaþ 1603
Scēn Heall, Sūþrige
Byrgen Ƿestmynster Abbey
Handseten Elisabeþ I Engla Cwēn handseten

Elisabeþ I (ƿæs geboren þæs 7. Haligmōnþes þæs 1533. – cƿæl þæs 24. Hreþmōnþes þæs 1603. gēares) ƿæs Engla Cƿēn and Īra Cƿēn of þǣm 17. Blotmōnþes þæs 1558. gēares ōð hire dēaþe in 1603. Ēac hēt man hīe Fǣmne Cƿēn, Gloriana, oððe Bess sēo Gōde Cƿēn, Elisabeþ ƿæs sēo fīfte and endemeste ƿealdend þæs Tudor Hūs.

Heanriges VIII dōhtor ƿæs hēo, ac hire mōdor, Anne Cƿēn ƿæs behēafoded healf þridde ƿintras æfter Elisabeþe cenning, and sē Ƿitangemōt asægde Elisabeþ dōcincel. Hire brōdor, Ēadƿeard VI, becƿæþ se cynedōm tō Iane Grey Hlæford, þȳ ascerde he his sƿeostre ūt þæs æftergengnesse. His ierfegeƿrit forƿearp man, and in 1558 Elisabeþ feng tō rīce æfter hire sƿeostor, þǣre Rōmeallicum Maria I, in hƿǣs rīce hæfde Elisabeþ gebēon geseted in clomme for nēa ān ƿintre on fæcnunge of sƿīcdōm.

Elisabeþ agann tō ƿealdenne be gōdum rǣde[1], and hīe behogode on rǣdboranƿerod, hƿǣrof sē fyrmest mann ƿæs Ƿillelm Cecil, Burglea Þegn. Ān hire firstan dǣda sƿa Cƿēn ƿæs tō staðolienne þā Englisce Protestante cirice, hƿǣrof ƿeard hīe Hēafodreca. Þes Elisabeþisca Ǣfæstnes Seht bād fæst þurh hire cynedōm and ƿæs todæges Angelcirice cennung.

Nǣfre æƿnede Elisabeþ, oððæt ðe man hit gebāsnade and sē Ƿitangemōt hīe bād. Manig ƿitan hæbbað gecneated hire gerād for þissum. Sƿa ƿeax Elisabeþ ieldre ƿeard hīe mære for hire mægþhāde, and begangol ƿeax ymbe hire þe manig begollen in þisra daga gelicnessum, beƿlātungum, and ƿrittum.

In hire lēodƿearde ƿæs Elisabeþ gemǣtor þonne hire fæder and sibbe.[2] Ān hire cƿida ƿæs "video et taceo" ("Ic sēo and secge nāht").[3]

Elisabeþ næs būtan fahmannum. Forðæm ðe hēo ƿæs protestant, sē Spēna cyning and sē Pāpa sōhtedon tō foreāstreccenne hīe. Manig gereōnunge ƿæron in þǣm gēarum. Earfoþsæligor ƿæs Elisabeþe māge, Maria I Scotta Cƿēn, hƿā rīcsode on Scottum. Maria Cƿēn bespræc ēac þā Engla cynehelm. In þǣre Cirice Ednīƿunge on Scottum afliemede Maria on Englas; Elisabeþ hæftede hīe in 1568 and behēafoded hīe in 1587.

Elisabeþ ƿæs ƿar in ūtlendiscum þingum. Hīe geaf sum lytel fultum tō cempungum in þāra Niðerlandum, Franclande and Īrlande. Noþȳlǣs, sige ofer þǣm Spēonisce Insƿēogflēot in 1588 ƿyhtede hire naman sƿa sƿa sigedryhtna selost, feðanfrea in fēohte þe man heoldeþ biþ ān þāra Engla mæsta siga.

Elisabeþ brōhtede hire lēodƿearde strengþu and lufu on folce in drēfrum ielde. Æfter þāra scortan cynedōmum Elisabeþe brēþer and sƿeostor, hire 44 ƿintra on þǣm cynestōle geafon fæstnes for þǣm rīce and hulpon tō scieppenne Angelþēod on Engla myndum.[2]

Elisabeþe rīces endmestan dagas hæfdon sār in golde and guðe and manige ƿeardon ƿerig. Tƿeontig ƿintrum æfter hire deaþ, halgode manig Elisabeþe sƿa ƿealdend annes gyldenre ielde, and þes þoht abideð on Englum. Elisabeþe cynedōm hēt man sēo Elisabeþyld, hƿære lof sceaƿþ in þǣm Engliscum plegcræft sē þāh in þǣm gēarum, mid plegƿyrtan sƿa sƿa Ƿillelm Shakespeare and Christophorus Marloƿe, and in þǣre hƿatan sæfarunge þāra Engliscum beorna sƿa sƿa Francis Drake Cniht.

Glēsing[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

  1. "Ic myne tō rihtene ealle mīne dæda be gōdum ƿite and rǣde." Elisabeþe forma gemæþel sƿa Cƿēn, Hæþfeld Hūs, 20 Blotmōnaþ 1558. Loades, 35.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Starkey, 5.
  3. Neale, 386.