Ēadweard III Engla Cyning

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Ēadweard III
Edward-III-king-England.jpg
Cynedom 25 Æfterra Gēola 1327 – 21 Sēremōnaþ 1377
Gehalgod 1 Sōlmonaþ 1327
Foregenga Ēadweard II
Æftergenga Ricard II
Bryd Philippa of Hainault
Bearn Ēadweard se Swearta Æþeling
Isabella de Coucy
Ioan Engla Hlæfdige
Lionel Heretoga of Clarence
Iohannes Heretoga of Lonceastre
Ēadmund Heretoga of Eoferwice
Mary Ducesse of Lydwice
Margaret Cuntesse of Pembroke
Tomas Heretoga of Gleawceastre
Hus Plantagenet
Fæder Ēadweard II Englan Cyning
Modor Isabella of Franclande
Geboren 13 Blōtmonaþ 1312
Windelsoran Castel on Beorrucscīre
Deaþ 21 Sēremōnaþ 1377
Scēn Heall on Sūþrige
Byrgen Westmynster

Ēadweard III (13 Blōtmōnaþ 1312 oð 21 Sēremōnaþ 1377) wæs Engla Cyning from 25. Æfterra Gēola 1327 oð his dēaþ on 21 Sēremōnaþ 1377. Lofweorþig is he for his gūþe blǣde, and þe he eft arǣrede cynelic ealdordōm æfter his fædres, Ēadweardes II, swincfullum rīce and ungewunelicum. Ēadweard III forscōp Engla Rīce to ān onmang Europan strengstum rīcum in his beadumægne. His lang cynedōm of fiftig wintrum wæs se lengsta cynedōme on Englum in þæm Middelyldum and in þæm ylde fremmede se cyning grōwþ in rihtbōte and in leodwearde, for in his yld blēow se Englisca Witenagemōt. Ēac þolede se folc mid þæm Sweartan Cwealme.

Þan wæs he feowertiene winteryld fang Ēadweard to rīce æfter þe his fæder Ēadweard II ahwearpen be his mōdor, Isabella of Franclande, and hiere copenere Roger Mortimer. Æt seofentiene winterylde læd Ēadweard Cyning fremful rīcessæc wiþ Mortimer se ǣr wæs Englalandes rica of þǣre wyrde, and þærmid begann Ēadweardes rīce in his agnum naman.

In 1337 æfter fremfule fare in Scotland abannede Ēadweard þe he bēo riht ierfa þæs Frenciscum cynedōm forþæm he wæs Philippes IV Francna Cyninges dohtorsunu, ac his crafing andsacoden Francas þā gehalgode Philippes brōdorsunu swa Philippus V Cyning in 1328. Þis þing begann þone Hundredwintra Gewinn. Æfter ǣrum edwendnum æt gūðe onfang stāg þes gewinn swīþe tile for Englum. For his sigum æt Crecy and Peiteuia gewonne Ēadweard þone Brétigny Foremæl.

In Ēadweardes Cyninges later gearum cwōm ill health and þærmid wæron unfriþ in earde and mistīd in elelandum.

Ēadweard III wæs hātheort mann ac mid unwunelicum miltse. Swa swa manigfealdu cyningas in his ylde his mǣste cearu wæs wig. He wæs gewundrod in his agnum gearum and for gearum hundredum þæræfter.[1][2]

Frūman[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

  1. Mortimer (2006), p. 1.
  2. Omrod (2012).