Nīwe Sǣland

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Nīƿe Sǣland
New Zealand
Aotearoa
Cumbol Nīƿes Sǣlandes Nīƿe Sǣland - Ƿǣpnu
(Gehende)
Þēodlic cƿide: Nān. Fyrn "Onƿard"
Nīƿe Sǣlandes Stede
Ambihtlica sprǣca Nīƿe Englisc, Māƿrisc, Nīƿsǣlendisc Tācna Gereord
Hēafodstōl Ƿellingatūn
Mǣst burg Aucland
Cƿēn Elisabeþ II
Gemǣne Gereca Sir Jerry Mateparae
Forma Þegn John Key
Mearc
- Getæl
- % ƿæter
Mǣþ 73.
268,680 km²
Unhefig
Lēodrǣden
- Getæl (æfter apinsunge þæs 2013. gēares)
- Þiccness
Mǣþ 120.
4,451,017

16.5/km²
Sundorrīcehād
- Tælmearc
Fram þǣm Geāndan Cynerīce
Hāligmōnaðes þæs 26. dæges þæs 1907. gēares
Full rīces ƿæstm (PPP)
- Getæl (æfter apinsunge þæs 2011. gēares)
- ǣlces menn ƿæstm
Mǣþ 45.
$122.193 þūsend þūsenda þūsenda
$27,668
Feohtācn Nīƿsǣlandisc dolere (NZD)
Tīdgeardas UTC +12 NZST
UTC +13 NZDT (fram Ƿinterfylleðe oþ Hrēþmōnaþ)


Understand þæt sēo tīd þāra Cethāmīega sind 45 stundincla fōre Nīƿes Sǣlandes tīde

Rīcisce antefnas God Defend New Zealand
God Save the Queen
Rīcisc blōstma Cohƿai
Rīces genettnama .nz
Feorrsprecenda rūnƿord +64

Nīƿe Sǣland is rīce þe standeþ on tƿǣm micelum īegum and fela læssena īega in þǣm sūþƿesternan dǣle Sericus Gārsecges. In þǣre Māƿriscan sprǣce is Nīƿe Sǣland Aotearoa gehāten, þe in Māorisce mǣneþ "Land þæs Langan, Hƿītan Ƿolcnes".

Nīƿe Sǣland hæfþ þegnhād for þǣm ūtƿeardþingum þāra selfƿealdendena landa:

Ēac befēhþ þæt rīce ānne ūtƿeardne landscipe:

Scortness[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

On Nīƿes Sælandes fēoƿer þūsenda þūsenda and fīf hundreda þūsenda manna, fornēan þrēo þūsendu þūsenda ƿuniaþ on þǣre Norþīege and ān þūsend þūsenda manna on þǣre Sūþīege. Þās īega sind ongemang þǣm brādostum in þǣre ƿorulde and þæt heora micelness ætsamne is gelīc þǣre þāra Bryttisca Īega oþþe Coloradorīces. Ēac Aotearoa, Māorisc nama tō Nīƿum Sælande ƿæs Niu Tireni, þe is of þǣm Engliscan naman.

Þā ōðra īega habbaþ sƿīðe læs lēoda and sƿīðe læssan landbrǣdu. Þā hēafodlicostan þisra īeglanda sindon:

  • Steƿartīeg (besūþan þǣre Sūþīege), sēo þridde īeg landes gēape mid lēodrǣdenne þe is fōrnēan 400 oneardienda.
  • Ƿaihekeīeg, īeg on Auclandes Haƿraciflēote, and, mid fornēan 7,000 hāda (mid sƿīðe mā on sumere), sēo þridde īeg on Nīƿum Sǣlande þurh hēafodrīm.
  • Grēatclūstorīeg, beēastan þǣm Haƿraciflēote
  • þā Cethāmīega, ūtlicgende þrēat īega mid hēafodrīme þe is fornēan 750 hāda.

Stedas in Nīƿum Sǣlande[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Stǣr[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Nīƿe Sǣland is ān betƿeox þǣm nīƿostum gesetedum grēatum landum. Felaīegisc gesettendas tōcōmon gelīce sumes tīman betƿeox þǣm 500. gēare and þǣm 1300. gēare æfter Crīste, and cenedon þā inlendiscan Māƿriscan folc.

Se forma þāra Europiscena þe sind gecūþ cuman tō Nīƿum Sǣlande ƿǣron fram Abele Janszoone Tasmane gelǣdd, þe oferseglode tō þǣm ƿesternan sǣgemǣre þǣre Sūþīege and þǣre Norþīege þæs 1642. gēares. Þā Niðerlendiscan ƿēndon þæt hit ān land ƿǣre þe hī nemnedon Staaten Landt. Siþþan ƿæs hit "Nieuw Zeeland" gehāten æfter þǣre stōƿe on Batafie þǣr hī ƿǣron staðolodon, þe endebyrdlīce ƿæs gehāten æfter heora scīre Sǣland. On þǣm 1769. gēare Hēafodmann James Cook ongann ƿīdlica hāƿunga þāra īega. Þēos fōreēode Europiscne hƿælhuntað and endlīce hefige Europisce landbūinge.

Nīƿe Sǣland ƿearþ Englisc landbūness þurh þā Fōreƿearde Ƿaitangiges þæs 1840. gēares, þe ēac gehēt "fullne hēafodmannscipe" (hāteþ tino rangatiratanga on Māƿrisce) þǣm Māƿriscum cnēorissum Nīƿes Sǣlandes. Oþ þisne tīman þæt andgiet þǣre Fōreƿearde is gīet gefliten.

Nīƿe Sǣland ƿearþ selfƿealdende rīce on þǣm 26. dæge Hāligmōnaþes þæs 1907. gēares þurh cyninges hātunge. Ful sundorrīcehād ƿæs golden fram þǣm Gemōte þæs Geāndan Rīces mid þǣre Asetnesse Ƿestmynsteres þæs 1931. gēares; hit ƿæs andfangen þurh þǣre Asetnesse gecorennesse fram þǣm Gemōte Nīƿes Sǣlandes on þǣm 1947. gēare. Nū is Nīƿe Sǣland cynerīce inne þǣre Þēodacyneƿīsan.

Stēormǣl[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Nīƿe Sǣland is staðolƿritlīc cynedōm mid gemōtedum folcrīce. Æfter þǣre Nīƿes Sǣlandes Gesetednesse Cyninglicra Namena (þæs 1953. gēares), Elisabeþ II Cƿēne is Cƿēne Nīƿes Sǣlandes and is betǣcned tō hēafode þæs rīces fram þǣm Cynespeliende.

Nīƿes Sǣlandes Gemōt stent on þǣm ānfealdan Hūse Spelienda, fram þǣm þe þæt lǣstende Hūs mid nēan 20 þegnum is geseted. Þǣr nis nān geƿriten staðolƿrit.

Þæt Lǣstende Hūs is fram þǣm Forman Þegne gelǣdd, þe is nū John Key of þæs medume drohtbeƿariendan Þēodlīcum Stēormǣlhēapes.

Gemǣna ƿealdcēosunga sind geƿorht ǣne on ǣlcum þrigēare; sēo nīƿancumenoste cēosung ƿæs geƿorht on þǣm 2011. gēare. Se Hēafodmann þæs Oferstealles ƿæs Phill Goff, þe ƿearþ lādmann þæs Ƿeorclican Gefēres on æfteran 2006. Nū is David Shearer se Hēafodmann þæs Oferstealles. On þissum dagum stent þæt Hūs on eahta gefēra, þe fram þǣm 1996. gēare hæfþ geƿorden gecoren þurh ƿīsan andefenre spelunge þe Mincgedum Dǣlnimendum Andefen gehāten is (oft on Nīƿum Englisce "MMP" æfter "Mixed Member Proportional" gehāten).

Rihte geblēod biliþ þǣre Norþīege. Þis biliþ ƿæs gedōn fram NASA Terra ƿeggesīðan on þǣm 23. dæge Ƿinterfylleðes 2002. gēares.
Rihte geblēod biliþ þǣre Sūþīege. Þis biliþ ƿæs gefangen fram NASA Terra ƿeggesīðan, on Ƿinterfylleðes 23. dæge þæs 2002. gēares.
Rihte geblēod biliþ þæs landes be Auclande on þǣre Norþīege. Aucland is þæt brūnlice dǣl efne on þǣre ƿynstran sīdan þǣm midlene þæs biliðes. Þis biliþ ƿæs gefanged fram NASAes Terra ƿeggesīðan, on Ƿinterfylleðe 23, 2002.

Nīƿe Sǣland is dǣlnimend þǣre ANZUS borhes fōreƿearde betƿeox Australie, Nīƿum Sǣlande, and þǣm Geānlǣhtum Rīcum American. On 1985 Nīƿe Sǣland forƿeornde tō lǣtenne Geānlǣhtra Rīca motige gefēd oþþe motige ƿǣpnded scipu tō ingangenne on his hȳða; þis berēnode þā Geālǣhtan Rīcu tō tōƿendenne his ANZUS borh tō Nīƿum Sǣlandelande on 1986. Nīƿe Sǣland ne hæfþ be lage forlǣten þā fōreƿearde.

Nīƿe Sǣland is dǣlnimed þisra eorþstēormǣllicena þēodnessa:

Dēmung[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Nīƿe Sǣland hæfþ Hēah Gerēfearn (oþ 1980 ƿæs hit "Supreme Court" gehāten (mǣnende "Hīest Gerēfearn")) and Gerēfearn Gesēcednesse (ǣr dǣl þæs Hīestan Gerēfearnes), ēac tō underlinglicum gerēfearnum. Oþ 2004 cūðon gesēcednessa fram cēosungum þæs Gerēfearnes Gesēcednesse on þǣm Dēmendum Gemōte þæs Ƿitenagemōtes on Lundene geseted ƿesan.

On 2003 ƿæs sēo Gesetedness þæs Hīestan Gerēfearnes geseted, tōƿendende gesēcednessa þǣm Ƿitenagemōte, þe hæfþ geƿorden ƿyrcende siþþin 2004, and staðoliende Hīehst Gerēfearn Nīƿes Sǣlandes on Ƿellingtūne.

Nū is se Hēafodmann Dēmunge Sian Elias Ƿīfeorl.

Landlagu[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēaflicu geƿritu: Landscipas Nīƿes Sǣlandes, Stōƿlic ƿeald Nīƿes Sǣlandes

Þǣr hit ƿæs ǣrost fram Europiscum geseted ƿæs Nīƿe Sǣlande gesundrod on scīrum. Þās ƿǣron adilod on 1876 sƿā þæt þæt ƿeald cūðe ƿeorðan hēafodburge geseted for sceattlicum intingum. Tō ƿæstme þisses hæfþ Nīƿe Sǣland nān gesundrodlīce gespelod underrīcisc dǣl landes, tō bȳsne scir, rīce oþþe landrīce būtan his stōƿlicum ƿealde. Nā þȳ lǣs Þā gāstas þāra scīra gīet libbaþ and þǣr is strang feohtung on gamenum and þēaƿiscum ƿeorcum.

Siþþin 1876 hæfþ stōƿlic ƿeald ƿealded þā missenlican geardum Nīƿes Sǣlandes. For his gesettunge stǣre ƿæs Nīƿes Sǣlandes stōƿlic ƿeald geƿorht nēan æfter Brytiscum stōƿlicum ƿealdes ƿīsum, mid gecorenum burgum and fylca ƿitenagemōtum. Æfter gēarum habbaþ sume þisra ƿitenagemōta geþoftod oþþe gefēred andƿendunga be gemǣnre andƿyrdunge, and sumu nīƿu ones ƿǣron geseted. On 1989 setede þæt stōƿlice ƿeald on ful nīƿe endebyrdnesse, brūcende þone tƿāendebyrdnessan timber þisra daga landscipra ƿitenagemōta and landrīca dōma.

Tōdæg hæfþ Nīƿe Sǣland 12 gearda ƿitenagemōtas tō þǣre dihtunge landes and farunge and 74 landrīca dōmas þā þe dihtaþ strǣta macunge, adelsēaþes macunge, timbrunga andƿyrdunga, and ōðru stōƿlicu þing. Þā landrīca dōmas sind 16 burga ƿitenagemōtas, 57 beganga ƿitenagemōtas, and se Cīthāmīega Ƿitenagemōt. Fēoƿer þāra landrīca ƿitenagemōta (ān burg and þrīe begangas) and se Cīthāmīega Ƿitenagemōt ēac dō þæt ƿeorc landscipes ƿitenagemōtes and þæs sind gecūþ tō geānlǣhtum dōmum. Landrīca dōma begangas ne sind sōþlīce underdǣl þāra landscipa ƿitenagemōta beganga, and sume heora gemengaþ landscipa ƿitenagemōta mearca.

Ōðra gecorena stōƿlica ƿealdes endebyrdnessa sind burhƿara ƿealdende þrēatas, flogoðena lēafa gyld, beganga hǣlðe ƿealdende þrēatas, and scole ƿealdende þrēatas gyldhealdenda.

Land[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlic geƿrit: Land Nīƿes Sǣlandes

Nīƿe Sǣland stent on tƿǣm grēatum īegum and missenlicum læssum īegum. Sēo Sūðerne Īeg is sēo grēatoste landes brǣd, and is gesundrod andlang hire lengðe be þǣm Sūðernum Alpisum, hƿæs þe hīehst beorg is Aoraki / Cook Munt þe is 3754 metera hēahþe. Þǣr sind 18 beorgas þe standaþ hīehran þonne 3000 metera on þǣre Sūðernan Īege. Sēo Norðerne Īeg is læs dūnlendisc þonne se Sūða, ac hire land is geseted be fȳrbeorgum. Se hīehstan Norðerne Īege beorg, Ruapehu Munt (is 2797 metera), is ƿyrcende hornlic fȳrbeorg.

Sēo fulle brǣdness þæs landes Nīƿes Sǣlandes, 268,680 þm²a, is hƿæthƿæge læsse þonne sēo Iapanes oþþe þāra Brittiscena Īega, and hƿæthƿæge māre þonne Coloradorīce on þǣm Geānlǣhtan Rīcum American. Þæt land is māre þonne 1600 þm æfter his hēafodlican norþnorþēasternan eaxe.

Nīƿe Sǣland is sēo landlecgende ānlēpigoste eallra þēoda. Þæt nīehste land, Sūþland, is 2,000 þmum benorþƿestan Nīƿes Sǣlandes hēafodlicum īegum ofer þǣre Tasmansǣƿe. Þæt ān land besūðan him is se Andnorða, and benorðan him sind Nīƿe Caledonia, Ficgiege, and Tonga.

Þæt geƿunelice medumƿeðer geond þæt land is mild, oftost fram cōlum geƿedere oþ milde ƿearm geƿeder, mid geƿedere selden undersincende under oþþe ge 0°C ge rīsende ofer 30°C. Byrdnessa gāþ fram ƿǣtum, caldum geƿedere on Sūþlande and þǣm Ƿestriman þǣre Sūþīege, þǣr fielþ þæt grēatoste dǣl Nīƿes Sǣlandes regnes, oþ underƿearmbeltisc geƿeder on Norþlande. On Ƿellingtūne is þæt medume læste geƿeder on ƿintere 5.9°Ca and þæt medume mǣste geƿeder in sumere 20.3°Ca.

Landlic andƿlita[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Nīƿes Sǣlandes landlegedness hafaþ unhliden on manigum feorrsīene ƿæfersīnum and scēaƿspellum . Hūru Ercol and Xena ƿǣron lēohgeƿriten be Auclande, Heofonlicu Ƿiht in Crīstcirican. Peter Jackson lēohƿrāt Se Hlāford þāra Hringa in missenlicum stōƿum geond þæt land, brūcende þā ānlican and andefne unahodenan landlegednessa.

Blōtsman and Dēor[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlicu geƿrite: Nīƿes Sǣlandes dēorNīƿes Sǣlandes ƿyrtaGetæl Nīƿes Sǣlandes fuglasNīƿes Sǣlandes trēo

For his langan ānlēpnesse fram þǣm ōðrum landum þǣre ƿorulde hæfþ Nīƿe Sǣland ungeƿunelice blōtsman and dēor. Oþ þone tōcyme þāra formena manna efne ānum þūsendgēare oþþe tƿǣm ǣr, eahtig þæs landes ƿæs ƿuduland and, būtan tƿǣm cynnum of hreaðemȳs, nān meolcsycend dēor fand man ūt þǣre brime. On stede þæs ƿǣron Nīƿes Sǣlandes ƿealda geset be missenlicum cynnum fugola (heora manige sind fleohtlēase), crēopendas, and seoxsceancƿyrm - heora manig nēan sƿā grēat sƿā mūs (seoh þæt geƿrit be lopphāmum).

Feohƿendung[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlic geƿrit: Feohƿendung Nīƿes Sǣlandes

Nīƿe Sǣland hafaþ nīƿlice, forðode feohƿendunge. His hēafodlic ūtbǣru ƿeorc sind eorþbigeness, geardbigeness, fiscoþ, ƿudufellung and giƿitnesse cræft. Þǣr is ēacsƿā hƿæthƿega hefig landscēaƿinge ƿeorc. Þā scēaƿspella and ƿīna ƿeorc sind geþōht ƿesan tōcumendu.

Siþþan 1984 habbaþ folgiendu geƿeald ƿorhten grēate feohƿendunge efttimbrunge, andƿendende Nīƿe Sǣland from sƿīðe hāmcēapbeorgendre and gefadodre feohƿendunge on lȳsdre, frēocēapunglicre feohƿendung. Būton tīmum strangre ƿeaxunge in þǣm middelum 1980 gēarum and ǣrum 1990 gēarum, sōþ ingangfēo habbaþ lytloden ƿiþ þāre 1980 gēara micelnessa, and medume gēarlic feohƿendunglic geþungenness hafþ gebēon læsse þonne sēo þe ƿæs anbīdod and is sƿīðe getrīƿende in micelum micelnessum tōfarena tō ætīcenne his fulle rīcisce forþbǣro.

Þæs andƿeardes Nīƿes Sǣlandes geƿealdes feohƿendunglice endas sind staðolode on ǣre aƿendunge fram heora setting ongemang þāra læssena dǣl þāra OECDlicena rīca tō mārum stede eft, sēcende frēocēapunglica foreƿearda, lytliende þā ungelīcnessa betƿeox þǣm folcum, and timbriende "geƿitnesse feohƿendunge."

Ungelīce him on ǣrum tīengēarum, Nīƿe Sǣland hæfþ nū forƿierned cēapætēcenda hefignessa, bēacniende forcēapætēcung hæfþ gebēon gesett on āgānum tīmum.

Nīƿe Sǣland is sƿīðe forþgelang on cēapunge — ānlīce in eorþbīgenesse forþbǣru - tō healdenne ƿeaxunge, and hit hafaþ gebēon geƿǣged fram ƿoruldƿīdum feohƿendunglicum forslǣƿungum and lytlungum ƿara cēapgylda. Siþþan eorþbīgenesse ūtbǣru sind sƿīðe geƿǣgda fram feohtācna ƿeorþ and grēat dǣl brūcenda ƿara sind inbrōhta, ǣniga hƿeorfunga on ƿeoðe þæs Nīƿes Sǣlandes doleres habbaþ strange ƿyrcunge ƿiþ his feohƿendunge.

In þǣm 2004 gēare hit undergann tō geondsmēagenne frēocēapunge ƿiþ Cīne, maciende hit ān þāra formena landa tō dōnne sƿā.

Under þǣm æfterrum 1980 gēarum , þæt Geƿeald Nīƿes Sǣlandes cīepede manig miclu cēapunge geƿeorc, ge his feorsprecera ƿrǣd, ge his rōdƿeges endebyrdnesse, ge manige ūtƿeorpsenderas, ge tū gyldhūs in rǣƿe nyttfēona cēpa. Þēah þæt Geƿeald Nīƿes Sǣlandes gīet geƿealdeþ hefig tæl underginnunga, þā þe sind ætgædere gecūða tō Rīcāgena Underginnunga; hīe sind geƿealdeda þurh unbefealdena dǣlnimunge gesetednessa sƿā ānstandenda underginnunga þe sind sculon ƿyrcan nyttlīce, sƿā sƿā ǣnig ānlēpiglīce āgnu underginnung. Missenlicu dǣl beorgendre gelagunge staðolaþ underginnunga endas ac forƿiernaþ þæt dǣlnimendu geƿeald hæbben ƿyrcen þā underginnunga gedæghƿamlīce. Ǣrendþegnung, spearcaƿeorces ƿrǣdas, ūtƿeorpsendunge and feorrsīene brādƿeorpendas, ēacsƿā lǣcehūs and ōðer cēapunge underginnunga sind staðolod þus. Þā hēafodlican Rīces Þegnunga standaþ on geƿealdes mearcum and þegnungum þā hēafodlīce arēdiaþ geƿealdes gelǣstunge, rǣdes rǣd, laga gelǣstung, and fērlica þegnunga.

Folcandgiet[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlic geƿrit: Folcandgiet Nīƿes Sǣlandes

Hūhƿega eahtige hundoðan Nīƿes Sǣlandes folces sind of Europiscum lēodum cennede. Māorisca lēoda sind þæt ōðerlīce mǣste folc (14.7% Nīƿes Sǣlandes folces). Betƿeox þæs 1996 gēares and þæs 2001 gēares folctellunge, þæt tæl lēoda mid Asianiscum frumcynne (6.6% his lēoda) ƿearþ māre þonne þæt Seriscus Gārsecges Īegbūenda (6.5% his lēoda) (understand þæt sēo folctellung lēt mann tō ƿrītenne manige folcbendas). Sēo onfangenness Māoriscre līfƿīsan gīet ƿiexþ, ānlīce for þǣre nīƿancumnan īnlāde Māoriscre feorrsīne þegnunge.

Þā hēafodlican Crīstnan cirican sind sēo Ænglisce Cirice, sēo Ealdormanna Cirice, sēo Rōmanisce Cirice, and sēo Endebyrdnesse Cirice. Māre þonne þridde dǣl þæs folces ne stent mid ānre cirican.

Līfƿīse[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlicu geƿritu: Līfƿise on Nīƿum Sǣlande, Māorisc līfƿīse

Sēo ēac: Nīƿsǣlandisc Englisc, Nīƿes Sǣlandes scēaƿcræft, Nīƿes Sǣlandes bōccræft, Nīƿes Sǣlandes drēam, Māorisca þēoda

Tīma[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Hēafodlic geƿrit: Tīma in Nīƿum Sǣlande

Nīƿes Sǣlandes Geseted Tīma is tƿelfum stundu æforan Efenƿyrcende Ƿoruldƿīd Tīma (gehāten ēac tō sceortunge "UTC"). Betƿeox þǣm æftermestan Sunnandæge Hāligmōnaðes ǣlces gēares and þǣm formestan Sunnandæge Eostormōnaðes þæs folgiendan gīeres brȳcþ Nīƿe Sǣland Dæges Lēohtes Settunge tīman.


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