Harold III Norrena Cyning

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Harold
Harald Hardraades saga-Harald og Svein-W. Wetlesen.jpg
Cynedom 1046 - 25 Hærfæstmonaþ 1066
Foregenga Magnus I
Æftergenga Magnus II
Bryd Elisiv Cænugeardes Hlæfdige
Þora Þorbergsdatter
Bearn Ingegerd Dena and Sƿēona Cƿēn
Magnus II Norrena Cyning
Anlaf III Norrena Cyning
Full nama
Harald Sigurdsson
Fæder Sigurd Syr
Modor Åsta Gudbrandsdatter
Geboren Ringerike, Norþƿeg
Deaþ 25 Hærfestmonaþ 1066

Harald Sigurdsson oððe Harold III (c. 1015 – 25 September 1066) ƿæs Norrena Cyning of 1046 oð 1066 þær forþferde he on ƿælfelde. Æfterylde geafen him þone etternaman Harðráði, se is “Heard ræd”. His ærrsta cynedōm ƿæs in Magnes dagum cyning þær ƿæs Harold undercyning, ac æfter Magnes deaþ in 1047 ƿæs Harold Norþmanna ānƿealda.

In his dagum sohtede Harold ēac cynedom on Denum and on Englum ac he næfde gelimpe in þissum. Beforan þe he ƿæs cyning, ferde Harold on ƿræcce. In þissum ƿintrum ƿæs he heretoga on Russum æt Cænugearde, þe rīce gefundon be Sƿēonum, and þæræft fōr he to Constantinopolis and þegned sƿa heretōga ofer þæm Ƿæringa Ƿearde þæs Constantinopolis Rīces.

Līf and ƿig[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Þær ƿæs he fiftiene ƿinter, in 1030, feahte Harold æt þære Stiklestad Beadƿe mid his healf-brodor Anlaf Haroldsson. Anlaf ƿolde eft geƿinnan þone Norðmanna cynedōm, þe he hæfde gelosen to þæm Dena cyning Cnut se Micel fore tƿegen ƿinter. On þæm ƿælfelde fremmeden Cnut sige, and Harold be niede fōr on ƿræcce on Russe. On Russum anām he his byrne in þæm here þæs Hēah Brego Eoreslaf se Ƿīs, and rās he to beon hēafodman. Ymbe 1034 fōr Harold to Constantinopolis. In Constantinopolis, eftsōn rās to ƿeodenne heretoga þæs Cāseres Ƿæringa Ƿeard, and he feaht in cempan on Ƿendelsǣ, in þære Lǣssan Asie, in Sicilie and on Pulgarum (þær ƿæs his binama "Pulgareonbærna", and geƿene ēac in þæm Hāligan Lande. In Constantinopolis abrāc selefriþe and Harold him befeald in strīþe in þæm cynehūs. Bēc secgað ðe Harold self ablindede Michael V Cāsere forþæm þe Zoe Cƿēn mōt habban ƿeald in þæm rīce in his stede.

Æt Constantinopolis ƿeard Harold sƿið rīce. He afōr of þære ceastre in 1043/4, and fōr eft on Russe ðe he mōt sēcan cynedōm on Norþmannum. Þær cƿōm Harold eft on Norþmenn fund he þe Anlafes bastard sunu Magnus I Norrena Cyning, Haroldes nefa, hæfde aƿorpen þā Dena of þæm lande and ƿæs þeodcyning, ac Harold sōhtede þone cynehelm. Magnus nolde feohtan his agan ēam and begen gecƿaþen þe Magnus and Harold ƿolde bēon cyningas ætgædre and begen ƿolden bedælan Haroldes gold. Æfter ānum ƿinter forþferde Magnus and his ƿille ƿæs þe Harold biþ Norrena cyning and Sƿegn biþ Dēna cyning. Þy ƿeard Harold Norþƿeges anƿealdend.

Harold ne ricsode on Dēnum forþæm þe in þæm rīce ƿealdede Sƿegn. Harold hæfde crafunge for þæm cynedōme and ælc sumor oð 1064 fremmede he scipfyrdung on Dēnum. Oððeæt ðe he hæfde sige on ƿælfelde næfre sæt he on þæm cynestōl þæs rīces. Eftsōn æfter þe he ofgeaf his Denisc crafinge, cƿōm him Tostig Gōdƿines sunu, se ƿæs Haroldes II Engla Cyninges brōðor, and Tostige gehātt Harold Sigurdsson to sēcan þone Engliscan cynedōm. Tostig sƿār his trōþ to Harold and Norrena Cyning brōhtede his sciphere on Eoferƿicescīre in Hærfestmonaþ 1066. Þær geƿunnode Harold micel sige ofer þæm Englum æt Fulford Fēoht. His ƿynn endode æt gūþe æt Standfordbrycge on 25 Hærfestmonaþ, þær feall he on þæm ƿælfelde, and ƿæs be Haroldes Godƿinessones þrēate geslēan.

Haroldes dēaþ at Standfordbrycge, hƿæræt endode þā onsƿegunge, oft secgð man is se ende þære Ƿicing Ylde. Harold is ēac gemæne held to have been se endmesta micla Ƿicingcyning, and sum mann secgþ se endmesta micla Ƿicing.

Frūman[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]