Cartaina

Fram Wikipǣdian
Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Rōmiscan and Cartainiscan rīce

Cartaina (Bōclæden: Carthago) wæs miclu burg on Affrice, on þære Wendelsǣhealfe. Cartaine nama is fram ealdan Peniscan gereorde; "Nīwe burg".

Cartainaþeod wæron Pene þa setledon on Affrice fram Phoenicia (seo is nū Libanus). In þæm bōc Æneid cwæþ Uirgilius þe Dido cwēn brōhted Cartainaþeod fram Tyre. Hie folgedon þa Cananēisce æfæstnesse.

Cartaina wæs scipstrang and hæfde miclum rīce ofer Wendelsǣ. Cartainiscan landbūnesse lægon in Ispanie and on Wendlesæs strandum, swa feorr swa Masilia. Ēac on hiere rīce wæron Corsica, Sardinia and Sicilia īege.

Cartaine mærsta heretogan wæron Hannibal and Hasterbal, gebrōþer, Amilcor, hiera fæder and Hanno.

Þa Peniscan Gūða[adihtan]

Seo Rōmānisce Cynewīse fuhton mid Cartaine fram 264 Ærre Criste oð 146 Ærre Criste. In 202 Ærre Criste æt Zama oferwunned Scipio Africanus Hannibal þone heretogan and his fyrd. Cartaina belēas hiere landscipas and wearþ Rēmiscan gafolgiefa.

Nōþylæs Rōm næfde lufe for Cartaine. In Rēmiscan Senate cwæþ Caton:

Carthago delenda est

- se is "Ādīleged sceal Cartaina beon", oððe he ofertē ælc cwide mid:

Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam.

"Ēac, ic hycge ðe man sceal Cartaina ādīleged"

Æfter fiftig gēarum begann nīwe gūþ in 149 Ærre Criste. Rōmware besat þa burg fram 149 Ærre Criste oð 146 Ærre Criste, þā nam Scipio Aemilianus þa burg and eall ādīlegede Cartaine byrig. Hiere land on Affrice wearð Underrīce Affrica.

Rōmisca Cartaina[adihtan]

Rōmiscan hūs on Cartaine

Under þæm Rēmiscan Rīce getimbrode man Cartaine nīwlice. Heo wæs hēafodburg þæs Underrīces Affrice, and heo wæs ongean seo mæst burg on Norþaffrice būton Alexandria.

Dido and Eneas[adihtan]

In ealdgesegene wæs ærest Cartaine cwēn Dido. Se Æneid tealleþ þe windas drafon Eneas, Troia æþeling, to Cartaine mid his scipum. Þær fēoll Dido on hēahlufe for him. Þan þe beglād hie Eneas þa lāð he to Italie, bærnede Dido cwēn self on āde and in hiere dēaþe swōr Cartainaþeodes ēccelīc hāt wið Eneases folc, se wearþ Rōmware.