Rōmānisc Cynewīse

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Rēmisc mynetem mid gearcyninge and his æcsborum
Landscite þære Cynewīsan rīce æt Iulies Cæsares dēaþe

Sēo Romānisce Cynewīse (Lǣden: Res publica Romana) wæs Rōmþēodes rīce for ælmæst fīf hundred wintrum fram þære ahweorpunge þæs endmestan Rōmwara Cyninges oð þæm cāserena rīce. In þisse ylde weax þā Rēmisce drohtoþ and his rīce of lytlum burgrīce to weardenne micel woruldrīce, ac swlyc rīce wæs hefig for þisse cynewīse and hēo feall in unfriðe þærof rās Agustus to ednīwenne þæs rīces friþ and strengo.

Cenning and ende[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Þēos yld angann þan man adrāf of Rōme þære byrig Tarquinus Superbus Cyning, se ealdsagan secgaþ wæs 509 winter beforan Criste cōm. Æt þissum þing endode þone Rōmāniscan Cynedōm. Hēo endode ending in 27 beforan Criste þan Agustus staðolede þæt Rōmānisce Rīce.

In his ǣrrstum twæm gearhundredum weax sēo Cynewīse þurh gewine conquest and fultume, fram Italie middeldæle þurh eall Italia þæt land. In þæm niehstan hundred gearum cnyttede þis rīce mid him Norþaffrica and þone mæstan dæl þæs Iberiscan land, and hæfde underrīce in Profense se is nū Franclandes sūþdæl. Æt his hiestan ylde in þæm endmestan gearhund beforan Criste cōm befeng þære Rēmiscan Cynewīsan landrīce eall se sǣrīm ymbe eallum Wendelsǣ, and þærmid Italia, Illyria, Crēcaland, sēo Lǣsse Asia, Syria, Ǣgypt, Norþaffrica, Ispania and eall Gallia (se is nū Francna rīce). Gehwæðere in þissum ylde wæs sēo Cynewīse dreahte. Inweard flīt brōhtede ingewinnasGaius Iulius Caesar fang to rīce and weard tictator þære rīce. Æfter Marcus Brutus and fācengecwis onmang his witum Caesar ofstang, fang his nefa Gaius Iulius Caesar Octauianus to rīce, þæs binama wæs 'Augustus', and hs rīce endode þā Cynewīse and in his stede wæs Cāsererīce

Nān meaht secgan þan sēo Cynewīse endode and þæt Cāsererīce begann. Missenlica stǣrwriteras hycgaþ se swylca dæg wæs þan Gaius Iulius Caesar rād mid his here ofer Rubicon þære ēa in 49 beforan Criste, oððe þan wæs Caesar's appointment swa tictator for his līfe in 44 bC, oððe Octauianes sige wiþ Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra æt þæm Actium Sǣfēohte in 31 bC. Rōmþēode sæd þe þēos awendung wæs on þæm dæge þe þæt Rēmisce Senatus geaf Octauiane sundorweald and þā titul 'Augustus' in 27 bC.

Ealdordōm and lēodweard[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

Rōmes lēodweard in þære cynewīse wæs æt his hēafod twegen gearcyningas be naman consules, and þās gearcyningas wæron geceorren in ælcum gear be þæm burgwara. Hie wæron geræden be witum in þæm Senate þærin sæt ealdormen. In þære Cynewīsan ylde wæs micel geflit betwēox þæm hēahealdormannum, þā āgan land and lof and þæs ealdfædras wæron of Rōmbyrig staþol, and þæm ceorlas (se plebs).