Wikipǣdia:How to write using Runes

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This article applies to the Anglo-Saxon fuþorc, the alphabet used by the Anglo-Saxons prior to the adoption of the Latin alphabet. When you see that the rune ᛝ stands for "ng", that means that when you write "þing," you could replace that with ᚦᛁᛝ in runes.

Rune Name Meaning IPA Latin
Equivalent
feoh "livestock, wealth" [f], [v] f
ūr "aurochs" [u(ː)] u, ū
þorn "thorn" ("giant"?) [θ], [ð] þ, ð
ōs "a god" [o(ː)] o, ō
rād "ride, journey" [r] r
cēn "torch" [k], [c], [tʃ] c
giefu "gift" [ɡ], [ɣ], [j] g
ƿynn "joy" [w] ƿ, w
hægl "hail" (precipitation) [h], [x], [ç] h
nȳd "need, hardship" [n] n
īs "ice" [i(ː)] i, ī
gēar "year, harvest" [j] g
ēoh "yew" [e(ː)o] eo, ēo
peorð (unknown) [p] p
eolh (?) "elk" (?) [ks] (?) x
sigel "sun" [s], [z] s
tīr Tīƿ (a god) [t] t
beorc "birch, poplar" [b] b
eh, eoh "horse" [e(ː)] e, ē
mann "man, human" [m] m
lagu "ocean, sea" [l] l
Ing Ing (the hero) [ŋ], [ŋɡ] n, ng
ēðel "heritage, estate" [ø(ː)], [e(ː)] oe, ōe, e, ē
dæg "day" [d] d
āc "oak" [ɑ(ː)] a, ā
æsc "ash" (tree) [æ(ː)] æ, ǣ
ȳr (unknown) [y(ː)] y, ȳ
ēar "grave" [æ(ː)ɑ] ea, ēa
īor "eel" (?) [i(ː)o] io, īo
cealc (unknown) [k] k
calc "chalice" (?) [k] k
gār "spear" [ɡ], [ɣ] g
cƿeorð (unknown) [kw] cƿ, cw
stān "stone" [st] st

Punctuation: Single dot ᛫ ; double dot ᛬ ; cross punctuation ᛭ ; It is not perfectly clear right now how the punctuation was used, other than a single dot was a half stop and a double dot was a full stop.