Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Flag of Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland Coat of arms of Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland
Motto
"Leo Terram Propriam Protegat"  (Læden)
"Beorge Leo his agan land"
Anthem
"God Nerie þā Cwēne"
Location of Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland
Capital Ēadweard Cyning Næss (Grytviken)
Official languages Nīw Englisc
Government Bryttisc Ofersǣ Landscipe
 -  Cwēn Elisabeþ II Cwēn
 -  Gerēfa Nigel Haywood
Population
 -  2006 estimate 30 (ābūrod, būton ūðwitan)
Currency Pūnd (GBP)
Time zone (UTC-2)
Internet TLD .gs

Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland sindon Bryttisc ofersǣ landscipe in þæm sūðernum Garsecge. Hie sindon feorr and unwæstmbǣre flocc of īegena, hwǣrin sindon Sūþgeorgia and wrǣsen of lǣssa īega, þā Sūþsandwic Īegland. Mǣst þāra īegena, þā astigað steāpe of brime, sind dynige. On dūne sindon þās īega mid īse and snawe āwā bewrægode.

Sūþgeorgia is 104 mīla lang and 23 mīla brād and is þæs landscipes mǣste īeg.

Þā Sūþsandwic Īegland licað ymbe 323 mīla be sūþēastan Sūþgeorgie. Eall þære landscipes land is 1,507 feowerscite-mīla.[1]

Þās īege nabbaþ ne landfolc and hiera begengan sind sē Bryttisc Leodweard Gerēfa, Underærendþegnung Gerēfa, ūþwitan, and folgeras þæs Bryttisca Antarctisca Geondsceawung þā gehealdaþ ūþwitena wicu æt Fugolīege and æt Ēadweard Cyning Næss (þæm hēafodstōl), and ēac museum bigengeras æt nēam Grytvikne.

Þæt Geānede Cynerīce onsprǣc rīce ofer Sūþgeorgie in 1775 and þæm Sūþsandwic Īeglande in 1908. Sē landscipe "Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland" gestaþolde man in 1985. Ǣr wæron þās īege dǣlas þāra Folcland Īegland Gerēflanda.

Argentinaþēod macode crafinge ofer Sūþgeorgie in 1927, and ofer þæm Sūþsandwic Īeglandum in 1938. Hie getimbrodon sciphereswic on Thila-īege in þæm Sūþsandwic Īeglande of 1976 oð 1982 þær sē Cynelica Sciphere flīemede hit. Argentinisc dǣdas on Sūþgeorgie begann þā Folcland Gewinne in 1982, hwǣrin Argentinisc þrēat scorte ofersæt þæt Īegland. Oððæt ðe Argentina wæs in þæm wige sigeleas, noþylǣs giet onspricð hē rīce ofer Sūþgeorgie and þæm Sūþsandwic Īeglandum.

Sūþgeorgia[adihtan]

Middel Sūþgeorgia: Cumbraland Byht; Geþacasteort mid Ēadweard Cyning Cofan (Grytviken); Allardycebeorgas mid Pagetbeorge topp (NASA biliþ).

Sūþgeorgia līþ æt Bysen:Coord/display/inline,title and hiere stōw is 1,450 mīla2. Hēo is dynig and unwæstmbǣre. Endleofon muntas standað to ofer 6,500 fōtum hēah, hiera beorhliþ gegrufen mid dēopum īsēa, hwǣrof is Fortuna Īsflōd sēo mǣste. Hiere hēasta topp is Pagetbeorg in þæm Allardycebeorgflocce æt 9,626 fōtum.

Hwælhuntena wicu weorcodon under bōcum gegiefen be þæm Ealdormenn þæm Folcland Īeglandum. Seofon wicu wæron on þæm īege, ealle in hæfnum on þæm norðrīman:

Þær endede hwælhuntoþ þās wicu forlāt man. Būton fēa gebeogode boldas, to bysene þæt museum and sēo cirice æt Grytvikne, eall is nū hrēorige.

Lǣssa Īega[adihtan]

Lǣssa īega be Sūþgeorgieīege sind:

Ēac sind þās lytlan clūdas mid Sūþgeorgie flocce:

  • Scræf Clūdas 119 mīla be west-norþwestan Sūþgeorgie þære īege
  • Blæc Clūd 105 mīla be west-norþwestan Sūþgeorgie þære īege and 10 mīla be sūþēastan Scræf Clūdum
  • Clerke Clūdas 35 mīla be ēast-sūþēastan Sūþgeorgie þære īege.

Þā Sūþsandwic Īegland[adihtan]

Montaguīeg on NASA biliþe

Þā Sūþsandwic Īegland sind 11 īega (būton lytla ūtwearda īega and clūdas), hwǣrof mæst sind dūnas þe mid fyre aspringaþ. Be norþwestan Zavodovski-Īege is Geborga Sceald, undersǣ berstendu beorg. Hie sind boga sē arecceþ of norþan to sūþan betwuh 56°18'–59°27'S, 26°23'–28°08'W, ymbe 350 mīla to 500 mīla be sūþēastan Sūþgeorgie.

Þā norþernmestan þāra Sūþsandwic Īeglanda sind þā "Traversayīega" and "Candelmæssanīega". Þā sūþernmestan sind Sūþern Thila. Þā þrie mǣstan īegland, Saundersīeg, Montaguīeg and Brycgstōwīeg, licað betwux þæm twǣm. Þās Īegslanda hēasta stede is Belindabeorg (4,495 fēt) on Montaguīege.

Þā Sūþsandwic Īegland sindon ābūrod. Selfweorcende gewiderwicu sind on Thila-īege and Zavodovski-īege.

Īega[adihtan]

Þā mægnan þāra Sūþsandwic Īeglanda of norðan oð sūðan sind:

Traversayīega:

Candelmæssanīega:

Middle Īega:

Sūþern Thila:

Stǣr[adihtan]

Sūþgeorgia[adihtan]

Landscite be Iacobus Cook (1777, sūð æt þæm heafde)

Sūþgeorgia þæt īegland secgþ man wæs ærrest in 1675 geseon be Anthony de la Roché, Lunden mangere, and manig ealde landscitas nemnaþ hit Roche Īegland.

In 1775 ymbeseglode Iacobus Cook Sciphlāford þā īege and lendede (sē wæs sē ǣrrsta mann sē on þære īege lendede). He bespæc þā īege for Brytene and nemnde hie Georgiaīege ("the Isle of Georgia") for Georgie III Cyninge.

Bryttisc gerec wæs in Sūþgeorgie gestaðoled in 1843 under bēc.

Stǣrlice and todæges tūnas on Sūþgeorgie

Geond þæm 19. gearhundrede wæs Sūþgeorgia seolchuntan wic. In þæm 20. gearhundrede wæs is hwælhuntan wic oð hwælhuntoð endede in 1965. Sēo ǣrrste landfæste hwælhuntena wic, and sēo ǣrrste wonung, wæs æt Grytvikne gestaðolede in 1904 be Norþmann Carl Anton Larsen. Þis wic weorced oð 1965. Æfter tīde wæron seofon hwælhuntena wicu on þæm īeglande.

Þær hweorfede Uenus fore þaere Sunnan in 1882, sæt Germanisc færeld æt Cynelic Byht on þære īege sūþēasternum ecge.

Of 1905 weorcede þæt Argentinisce Gewidere Ambihthūs mid þæm gerēfan to heoldenne þæt gewiderhawunghūs æt Grytvikne under Bryttiscum landbōc niedum þæs hwælhuntoþwices, oð 1949.

In 1908 geaf Ēadweard VII Cyning furðru bōc to gestaðolienne weardlage for his agnungum in þæm sūþernum Garsecge. Þeos bōc wæs be Sūþgeorgie, Sūþorcanegum, Sūþhjaltlandum, þǣm Sūþsandwic Īeglandum, and Grahamland. (Þēs onspræc wæs in 1917 geastrecced ēac to dāl Antarctice oþ þone Sūþende þære eaxe.)

Of 1909 þegnungwic and wonung wæron getimbrod æt Ēadweard Cyning Næsse on Sūþgeorgie, nēah Grytviken hwælhuntoþwic. Hēahfæstu stōwlicu Bryttiscu toþegnung and onwondend burgealdor hæfde lahgewrit of ealla þinga in þæm landscipe, þæt wæs þær geraced swa þā Folcland Īegland Gerēfland.

Ymbe 1912 feng man þone mæstan hrān, swa secgþ man, þe ā feng man, sē wæs hæwenhwæl 110 fēt lang, and wæs gebrohted to lande æt Grytvikne.[2][3]

In Eastermōnaþ 1916 weardon Ernest Shackleton and his menn þæs Woruldrīces Geondantarctisca Færeld aseten on Elpendīege, ymbe 800 mīla be sūþwestan Sūþgeorgie. Shackleton and fīf gesiþas selglodon ūt in lyltum bāte to findenne fullæst, and on 10 Þrimilcemōnaþ, æfter miclum yðfare, hie lendedon æt Hacunes Cyninges Byht on Sūþgeorgie sūþrīman. Þrīe bād æt þæm Byht, hwilum Shacketon and twegen gisiþas astigodon ofer þāra beorgum 22 mīla to aræccenne fullæst æt Stromnæsse hwælhuntena wice. Þæs færeldes lāf, twegen and tweontig menn þā hæfde abād on Elpendīege, eall āhreddede hē. In þæm Æfterrum Gēola 1922, during his later Shackleton–Rowett Færeld, forþferde Shackleton on his scipe be Sūþgeorgie. He līþ gebyged æt Grytvikne.

Argentinacynn macode crafing for Sūþgeorgie in 1927.[4]

Binnan þæm Ōðrum Woruldgūþe, sendede sē Cynelica Sciphere wæpned mangeres scip to Sūþgeorgie and Antarctisce gesunde wið Germaniscum flotmenn, and ēac onsteallode twegen feower-ynce staþ gunnas (þā bitt) þe beorgedon Cumbraland Byht and Stromnæs Byht, mid Norðmenn of þæm hwælhuntum swa werod. Þæt wic æt Ēadwaerd Cyning Næsse weax swa āspyrungwic in 1949/1950 under þære Bryttisce Antarctisce Geondsceawung (sē wæs oþ 1962 þāra Folcland Īegland Gerēflanda Geongsceawung).

Cirice æt Grytvikne.

Þā forman dǣdas þære Folcland Gewinne ālumpon on 19 Hreþmōnaþ 1982 þær Argentinisc feðaflocc, þā gebrudgon þe hie wæron īsernspilling mangeras, ofersæton þæt eald hwælhuntoþwic æt Leþ Hæfne on Sūþgeorgie. On 3 Eastermōnaþ þās feðan onfeahton and ofersæton Grytviken.

Bryttisc þrēat eftfōn þā īege on 25 Eastermōnaþ.

Of 1985, Sūþgeorgia and þā Sūþsandwic Īegland awurþon swa Folcland Īeglanda Gerēfland and wurdon ætgædre nīw landscipe. Þæt Ēadweard Cyning Gāra wic hæfde gebeon gemannod æfter þæm gūðe, ac sē werod abeag in 2001 and on þæm stede timbrode sēo Bryttisce Antarctisce Geondsceawung hiere āgan wicstōw, and þes abitt.

Sūþsandwic Īegland[adihtan]

Biliþ geweorced be Frank Hurley on þæm Woruldrīces Geondantarctisca Færelde

Þā sūþernan eahta īega þæs Sandwic Īegena flocc afūnden Iacobus Cook Sciphere in 1775, oððæt ðe hē hogode ðe þā sūþernmestan þreo īega wæron ān, genemned Sūþern Thila; in 1820 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen fūnd þe þās wæron ānlīpe īega [5]). Bellingshausen fūnd ēac þā norþernan þrēo īega in 1819. Cook geaf þære īegum þone naman Sandwicland (Sandwich Land) æfter þæm Feowerþan Eorl of Sandwic, Forma Hlāford þæs Scipheretoganern. Þæt word "Sūþ" namon hie forþæm þe man mōt hie tōcnāwan of þæm Sandwic Īeglandum þæs Sericus Garsecges se nū heteþ man Hawaii.

Þæt Geānede Cynerīce nam þā Sūþsandwic Īegland in his rīce be þære 1908 bēc, hwǣrin þā īega mid oðrum īegum and Antarticiscum landum swa þā Folcland Īegland Gerēfland.

Argentina onspræc þā Sūþsandwic Īegland in 1938, and beclypede Bryttisc onstinge in the Īegum. Of 25 Æfterra Gēola 1955 oþ sumer 1956 heald Argentina herewic Teniente Esquivel æt Ferguson Bihte on Thila-īege sūþēasternan sǣrīman. Of 1976 oþ 1982, heald Argentina scipherewic Corbeta Uruguay, in þære ilcan īege leowe. Oððæt ðe Bretware afūndon þis Argentinisc herewic in 1978, and sprǣc mid þæm Argentiniscan leodweard wiþ him, næfre mid sæcce cwōm Bretenþeod wiþ þæm wice oþ æfter þæm Folcland Gūþe. Þæt wic flīemed sē Cynelica Sciphere on 20 Seremōnaþ 1982.


Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. CIAs ‘’World Factbook’’ 2002
  2. Sūþgeorgia, Hwælhuntoþ Museum, Sandefjord, Norþweg
  3. Whaling, Sūþgeorgia Befæstscipe
  4. R.K. Headland, The Island of South Georgia, Cambridge University Press, 1984. p. 238.
  5. Exploring polar frontiers: a historical encyclopedia, Volume 2, p. 157, William James Mills, 2003
  • George Forster, A Voyage Round the World in His Britannic Majesty's Sloop Resolution Commanded by Capt. James Cook, during the Years 1772, 3, 4 and 5 (2 vols.) , London, 1777.
  • R.K. Headland, The Island of South Georgia, Cambridge University Press, 1984.

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