Jacques-Yves Cousteau wæs geboren on 11um Sēremōnþes, 1910 in Saint André de Cubzac in Franclande and forþfērde on 25um Sēremōnþes, 1997 in Parise. Hē wæs Frencisc sciptoga and explorer and researcher. Hē leornode þā sǣ and ealle þe lifdon in wætre. Man cnǣwþ Cousteau in Franclande mǣste swā le commandant Cousteau (Bebēodere Cousteau). Man sægþ his naman swā Cū·stō.
Man ālīefede hine in þǣm Ēcole Navale (Scipfierdlic Scōlu) in Breste. He wearþ scēotunggerēfa þǣre Frenciscan Scipfierde, and þurh þis cwōm tō him byre ǣreste cunnian under wætre. In 1936 he cunnode cynn underwæterlicra glasa, and mæg bēon þæt of þissum cwōmon dȳfera ēagegriman.
In 1937 wīfode hē Simone Melchior. Hē fōhte in þǣre Ōðeran Woruldgūðe swā dyrnscēawere for þǣre Frenciscan dyrnfierde, and þenden man fōhte hē fand tīd for þǣm hē and Emile Gagnan macodon þæt forme cynnes ābiddungǣðmendra lyftǣðmungsearwa, þe is se aqualung, in 1943, and of þissum cwōm mǣst þǣre dȳfunge mid scuban in þǣre worulde. Hē sōhte gōd lyftǣðmungsearwu æfter þæt twuwa mid oxygenongēanǣðmungsearwe hē hæfde oxygenfyllewærcas and geswogunge.
Æfter þǣre Ōðeran Woruldgūðe þenden hē wæs giet scipfyrde sciptoga, hē macode weorcwegas tō findenne ūtberstendas in Franclandes hȳðum and swēawode in gesuncenum scipum.
Man nemnede hine foresittend þāra Frenciscra Farunga tō Scēawianne þā Sǣwa. In 1950 he bōhte his mǣre scip Calypso, and in him hē fōr tō manigum sǣm and tō sumum ēam. In þissum farungum he macode manige bēc and āstyriende gelīcnesse. Hē gewann þrēo þæs myrcenses Oscar for þǣm āstyriendan gelīcnessum The Silent World, The Golden Fish, World Without Sun, and manige ōðre hēam myrcelsas and in þissum wǣron se Palme d'Or in 1956 æt þǣm Cannes Film Festival. Þurh his geweorce þǣre worulde folc geleornode micel ymb underwæterlicre libbendcyþþe.
In 1963 Cousteau and Jean de Wouters searwodon þone underwæterlican leohtātīefrend genemnedan "Calypso-Phot", and æfterra hē alīefede Nikon macian hit and hit wearþ se "Calypso-Nikkor" and æfter se "Nikonos". ǣ Hē and Jean Mollard macodon þone SP-350, þe is twǣm mannum undersǣbāt þe cūðe dȳfan 350 metras under sǣ. Spēow þissum, and in 1965 hē dȳfede tō 500m mid twǣm undersǣbātum.
Man sette Cousteau swā stihtere þæs Sǣcræftlican Stǣrhēddærnes Monacos, and Cousteau scōp þæt Undersǣs Þurhsmēagunggefēre in Toulone, wæs se lǣdere þæs Conshelf Saturation Dive Program (long-term immersion experiments, the first manned undersea colonies) and was one of the few foreigners that has been admitted to the American Academy of Sciences.
Cousteau wearþ mǣrora. In Winterfylleðe 1960 EURATOM wolde āweorpan in sǣ micelne radioactiviscne þreax. Cousteau organized a publicity campaign which gained wide popular support. Wīfa and cildru sǣton on þǣm īrenwege and forstoppodon þone gewægnoþ, and man þorfte senden þone þreax tō þǣm stede þanon hit cwōm, and þæt plēo endode.
In þǣm æfterran Blōtmōnaðe Charles de Gaulle Francrīces foresittend ēode to Monaco and þǣr wordum wrixlode ymb þæt þe gelamp on Winterfylleðe geares 1960 and wīdorlīce ymb cyrncræftlīe cunnungum.
Ǣrra Francrīces ambaht segde þæt betere wǣre gif Rainier æðeling ne sprece ymb þis, ac man segde þæt se foresittend frēondlīce āscode Cousteau to be kind toward nuclear researchers, and Cousteau (allegedly) replied: "No sir, it is your researchers that ought to be kind toward us." During this discussion Cousteau found out that the reason for French experiments and research was American refusal to share its atomic secrets with its allies.
In 1974 he ongann þone Cousteau Society for the Protection of Ocean Life, and in þissum nū sind māran þonne 300,000.
Lāf[adihtan | adihtan fruman]
Cousteau nemnode georne hine "oceanographic technician". He was in reality a sophisticated lover of nature, especially that of the sea. His work allowed people of all continents tō visit life under the ocean's surface and explore through television the resources of the "blue continent".
The works that Cousteau produced also created a new kind of scientific communication that caused some criticism by formal academics. The so-called divulgationisme, a simple comprehensible form of sharing scientific concepts, was soon used for other disciplines too and became one of the most important and appreciated characteristics of modern TV broadcasting. The documentary information found in Cousteau's words a linear scheme to follow.
Now Cousteau's figure is admired, beloved worldwide through the many who love the sea, and is regarded to with a sort of devotion, as symbolic of adventure, nature and exploration.
Sēo ēac: Scuba dȳfung