America's Cup

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America's Cup (on Englisce American Cuppe mǣnende) is sigebēacen þe is gifen þǣm hēape þe oferƿinþ þā ƿiþrǣsendan hēapas on sæglunge cræfte, and is þæt ieldeste ƿyrcende sigebēacen on geondfolclicum pleginge.

Ǣrost "Royal Yacht Squadron Cup" hātte, hit ǣrost ƿearþ gehāten "America's Cup" æfter þǣm ǣorstan plegscipe þe ƿann þæt sigebēacen, þæt America. Þæt sigebēacen ƿæs gehealden fram þǣm New York Yacht Club fram þǣm 1887. gēare (þā þā se hēap se þe oferƿann þā Cuppan geald þæt sigebēacen þǣm gylde) ōþ þæt 1983. þā ƿæs sēo Cuppe genumen be þǣm Royal Perth Yacht Club, mid heora plegscipe, Australia II, endiende þone lengestan tīman siga on þǣm stǣre pleginge þisra daga.[1]

Sēo American Cuppan ƿinnung is gebēote gedrifen tæl gemacra rǣsa betƿeox tƿǣm plegscipum þe is gedēmed fram þǣm Cartan Giefe þe ƿæs þæt þing þe ƿæs gebrocen tō giefenne þā Cuppan tō þǣm New York Yacht Club. Ǣnig plegscipa gyld þe fulfylleþ þā þearfa þā sindon gesett on þǣre Cartan Giefe hæfþ þæt riht tō beclipienne þone plegscipa gyld þe hielt tā Cuppan. Gif se beclipenda plegscipa gyld oferƿinne þone ōðer on rǣse is þǣre Cuppan āgenung gifen tō þǣm plegscipa gylde.

Fram þǣre þriddan gefæstnunge þǣre Cuppan on þǣm 1876. gēare ōþ þā tƿentigoðan gefæstunge on þǣm 1967., þǣr ƿæs ā ān beclipiend and ān andfengend, þēah þe se NYYC dyde andfengendes cēosunge tæl tō cēosenne þæt plegscip þe hī mōton gebrūcan on rǣse. Fram þǣm 1970. gēare ƿæs cearu ymb beclipunge sƿā grēat þæt se NYYC undegann tō lǣtenne manige beclipiendas to dōnne cēosunge ƿinninge ongemang him selfum, and se oferƿinnend ƿeorðende gesett tō Beclipiende and gānde forþ tō þǣm sōðan American Cuppan rǣse. Fram ðǣm 1983. gēare ōþ þæt 2007., Louis Vuitton aƿreðode þā Louis Vuitton Cup (þe mǣnþ "Loises Vuittones Cuppe") tō sigelēane tō þǣm oferƿinnende þæs beclipienda cēosunge getæles.

Sēo Cuppe ƿinnung atihteþ brimmenn and plegscipa amearciendas for hire langum stǣre āre. Hēo nis nā efne afandung sæglunge līste, bātes and sægles timberes, ac ēac feohrǣrunge and dihtunge cræfta. Fram þǣre forman beorgunge on þǣm 1870. ƿǣron þā rǣsas betƿeox sƿīðe grēatum (65 fōta/20 metera oþþe mārum on ƿæteres andƿlitan) rǣsendum plegscipum þe ƿǣron geāht fram fullƿeligum gamenmannum. Þis ƿearþ mǣst on rǣsum mid formicelum J-cundum plegscipum in þām 1930. gēare, þǣm 1934., and þǣm 1937.

Æfter þǣre Ōðran Ƿoruldgūðe ƿurdon nēan tƿentig gēar lēas becleopunge, and þæs se Nīƿes Eoferƿīces Plegscipa Gyld macode hƿeorfunga on þǣre Cartan tō lǣtenne þā smalran and læs dēoran tƿelfra metera gecyndes plegscipu tō ƿinnenne, and þis gecynd ƿæs genotod ōþ þæt 1987. þā þā his stede ƿæs genumen be þǣm Geondrīciscan American Cuppan Gecynde.

Sēo American Cuppe þæs 2010. gēares ƿæs rǣsed in 90 fōta (27 metera) manighulum plegscipum on tƿēgra bāta ƿinnunge, þǣre agylda þe oferdrīfþ on þrim rǣsum fēhþ sige, in Valencie in Spēonlande on Solmōnaðe þæs 2010. Se becleopiend BMW Oracle Racing oferdrāf þone healdere Alinghi mid tƿǣm sigum ƿiþ nānne and nam þā Cuppan for þǣm Gyldenes Geates Plegscipa Gylde.

Fruman[adihtan | ādihtan fruman]

  1. Brād spell þæs cann ƿesan gefunden on þǣre bēc fram John Rousmaniere (1983). The America's Cup 1851-1983. Pelham Books.