Orosius

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Paulus Orosius (c. 375 - c. 418)[1] wæs crīsten stǣrwrītere, dryhtweorþ wrītere, wita and Scte. Augustines lǣringmann. He wæs of Hispanie, wēnunga fram Bracara Augusta[2]. He lifde and wrāt æt þǣm ende þæs Rōmāniscan Ricum.

Orosius is cūþost for his bēc Historiarum Adversum Paganos Libri VII ("Seofen Stærbēc wið þā Hǣðnas"), þa wrāt he ongēan þone gelēafan on folce þe þæs Rōmāniscan Rīces amolsnung wæs þȳ hit hæfde onfangen Cristendōm.

Līf[adihtan | adihtan fruman]

Siþþan Orosius wearþ prēost, aspyrede hē þā Priscillianistas on Spēnum. Þā ēode hē tō Scte Augustine æt Hippo in Norþaffrice in þǣm 413. gēare oððe þǣm 414. Siþþan hē hæfde abiden sume þrāge in Affrice tō Augustines leornungcnihte, wæs Orosius in þǣm 415. gēare of Augustine gesended tō Palestine mid pistole him tō gecȳðenne Orosius tō Ierome, se wunede in Bethleheme. His ǣrend wæs þe Orosius meahte habban mā lāre from Ierome on ymb þā wēna þāra Priscillianista and Origenista. Nōþylæs, man segeð þe in sōþe wæs his bisgo fullǣst for Ierome and ōþrum wið Pelagie, se, fram þǣm Cartaina synoðe in þǣm 411. gēare, wunede in Palestine and þǣr fand frīend.

Æfter Orosies tōcyme, wæs oferstǣled Iohannes Biscop of Ierusaleme, to abannenne synoð in þǣm Ǣrran Līðan þæs 415. Æt þissum synoðe getealde Orosius Cartaine rǣdnessa and he rēd missenlice Augustines writunge wiþ Pelagie. Mære ascode Pelagius Et quis est mihi Augustinus? ("Hwa me is Augustine?"). Sige nadde Orosius on Crēcum, þa ne understōd Orosies Læden. Orosius gewonne Iohannes biscopes word to sendenne pistolas and menn to þæm biscope of Rombyrige beforan cwōm he ongean to Affrice

Paulus Orosius forþfērde geleāflice on Affrice oððe on Ispanie.

Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum[adihtan | adihtan fruman]

Historiarum Adversum Paganos ("Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum") wrāt Orosius æt Augustines scīenesse. Orosius cwēþ þe seo middangeard hæfþ weaxen tīlor siððan Cristendōmes tōcyme. For andworde to þæm menn þa lociað to þisse ielde wēum, cwēþ he fram ærdada wēum, þa cwōm beforan Cristendōme þa wæron rihte wiersa. Þeos bōc work, an woruld-stær on þæm wēum þa habbaþ befeallan manncynn fram Adame oð ymbe 417, wæs seo ærrest woruld-stærbōc swa stær of Godes hand swa manncynnes weard. Eftsōn wæs seo bōc frēamære. Ælmæst twegen hundred biwriten bēc sind in bōchordum ofer þære worulde.

Bono Giamboni awendede þæm boc in þæm Eotoliscan gereorde[3]. Awendung þæs 14th gearhundredes in þæm Aragoniscan gereorde, be Domingo de García Martín, wæs gewyrhte fram Bono Giambonis Eotoliscan awendung. Historiarum Adversum Paganos wæs in Arabisc awendede in Speonlande under al-Hakam II, Caliph of Cordoban.

Ælfredes Cyninges Orosius[adihtan | adihtan fruman]

Ēac sēo Ōhthere and Wulfstān

Ælfred cyning wyrhte abridged, freo awendung þæs Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum[4]. Ælfredes Orosius ne holdeþ fæst to Orosies ærest text; hit bringeþ manige þing to Ælfredes dæge.

Seo bōc beginneþ mid biliþ þære worulde; "Hu ure ieldran ealne þisne middangeard on þreo todældon". Ac seo woruld awended micle betweonum Orosies dæg and Ælfredes and hēr towriteþ Ælfred þære landa Europes in his gearum, and on þæm landum and folcum middangeardes. Ēac hæfþ seo bōc Wulfstanes talu in his færelde to þæm Ostsæ to Denemearce, Norþwege, Sweolande and Estlande, and Ōhtheres talu in his færelde ofer norþ to Beormalande.

Þæræfter folgieð Ælfredes cyninges bōc Orosies stær on þæm Engliscum gereorde, fram Ninie Asiria cyninge and fram Sodome and Gomorre to Alerices cyninges dæge in Italie.

Glēsing[adihtan | adihtan fruman]

  1. David Rohrbacher, "Orosius," in The Historians of Late Antiquity (Routledge, 2002), pp. 135–137
  2. Catholic Encyclopedia - Paulus Orosius
  3. ed. Tassi, Firenze 1849; partial editions are available in Cesare Segre, Volgarizzamenti del Due e del Trecento, Torino 1953 and in Cesare Segre, La prosa del Duecento, Milano-Napoli 1959)
  4. Englisc mid glēsinge, adihtede be Janet Bately; ISBN 0-19-722406-7
    Englisc word, mid ærword on Lædene, ādihtede be H. Sweet, 1883

Ūtwearda hlencas[adihtan | adihtan fruman]