Orosius

Fram Wikipǣdian
Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan

Paulus Orosius (c. 375 - c. 418)[1] wæs cristen stærwritere, dryhtweorþ writere, wita and Scte. Augustines læringmann. He wæs of Hispanie, geleāflice fram Bracara Augusta[2]. He lifde and wrāt æt þæm ende þæs Rōmāniscan Ricum.

Orosius is mæst cūþ for his bēc Historiarum Adversum Paganos Libri VII ("Seofen Stærbēc wiþ þæm Hæþnum"), þa wrāt he tōgeanes þæm gelēafan on folce þe þæs Rōmāniscan Rīces āmolsnung wæs þy hit hæfde onfangon Cristendōm.

Līf[adihtan]

Æfter Orosius wearþ preost, āspyrede he the Priscillianistas on Spēnum. Þa eode he to Scte Augustine æt Hippo in Norþ Affrice in 413 oððe 414. Æfter þe he hæfde abidden for sume tīme in Affrice swa Augustines leornung-cniht, wæs Orosius in 415 be Augustine gesended to Palestine mid pistole him to inlædenne to Ierome, se wunede in Bethleheme. His ærende wæs þe Orosius meahte habban fyrþer lār from Ierome on þara wenum þara Priscillianista and Origenista. Nōþylæs, man secgð þe in sōþ wæs his bisgo fullæst for Ierome and oþrum wið Pelagie, se, siððan þæm Cartaina synoðe in 411, wunede in Palestine and þære funde friend.

Æfter Orosies tocyme, wæs persuaded Iohannes, Biscop of Ierusaleme, to ābannenne synoð in Ærre Lyða 415. Æt þis synoð getealde Orosius Cartaine rædnessa and he rēd missenlice Augustines writunge wiþ Pelagie. Mære ascode Pelagius Et quis est mihi Augustinus? ("Hwa me is Augustine?"). Sige nadde Orosius on Crēcum, þa ne understōd Orosies Læden. Orosius gewonne Iohannes biscopes word to sendenne pistolas and menn to þæm biscope of Rombyrige beforan cwōm he ongean to Affrice

Paulus Orosius forþfērde geleāflice on Affrice oððe on Ispanie.

Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum[adihtan]

Historiarum Adversum Paganos ("Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum") wrāt Orosius æt Augustines scīenesse. Orosius cwēþ þe seo middangeard hæfþ weaxen tīlor siððan Cristendōmes tōcyme. For andworde to þæm menn þa lociað to þisse ielde wēum, cwēþ he fram ærdada wēum, þa cwōm beforan Cristendōme þa wæron rihte wiersa. Þeos bōc work, an woruld-stær on þæm wēum þa habbaþ befeallan manncynn fram Adame oð ymbe 417, wæs seo ærrest woruld-stærbōc swa stær of Godes hand swa manncynnes weard. Eftsōn wæs seo bōc frēamære. Ælmæst twegen hundred biwriten bēc sind in bōchordum ofer þære worulde.

Bono Giamboni awendede þæm boc in þæm Eotoliscan gereorde[3]. Awendung þæs 14th gearhundredes in þæm Aragoniscan gereorde, be Domingo de García Martín, wæs gewyrhte fram Bono Giambonis Eotoliscan awendung. Historiarum Adversum Paganos wæs in Arabisc awendede in Speonlande under al-Hakam II, Caliph of Cordoban.

Ælfredes Cyninges Orosius[adihtan]

Ēac sēo Ōhthere and Wulfstān

Ælfred cyning wyrhte abridged, freo awendung þæs Stær wiþ þæm Hæþnum[4]. Ælfredes Orosius ne holdeþ fæst to Orosies ærest text; hit bringeþ manige þing to Ælfredes dæge.

Seo bōc beginneþ mid biliþ þære worulde; "Hu ure ieldran ealne þisne middangeard on þreo todældon". Ac seo woruld awended micle betweonum Orosies dæg and Ælfredes and hēr towriteþ Ælfred þære landa Europes in his gearum, and on þæm landum and folcum middangeardes. Ēac hæfþ seo bōc Wulfstanes talu in his færelde to þæm Ostsæ to Denemearce, Norþwege, Sweolande and Estlande, and Ōhtheres talu in his færelde ofer norþ to Beormalande.

Þæræfter folgieð Ælfredes cyninges bōc Orosies stær on þæm Engliscum gereorde, fram Ninie Asiria cyninge and fram Sodome and Gomorre to Alerices cyninges dæge in Italie.

Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. David Rohrbacher, "Orosius," in The Historians of Late Antiquity (Routledge, 2002), pp. 135–137
  2. Catholic Encyclopedia - Paulus Orosius
  3. ed. Tassi, Firenze 1849; partial editions are available in Cesare Segre, Volgarizzamenti del Due e del Trecento, Torino 1953 and in Cesare Segre, La prosa del Duecento, Milano-Napoli 1959)
  4. Englisc mid glēsinge, adihtede be Janet Bately; ISBN 0-19-722406-7
    Englisc word, mid ærword on Lædene, ādihtede be H. Sweet, 1883

Ūtwearda hlencas[adihtan]