Cartaina

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Rōmānisc rīce and Cartainisc rīce

Cartaina (Bōclæden: Carthago) wæs miclu burg on Affrice, on þǣre Wendelsǣhealfe. Cartaine nama is fram þǣm Ealdpeniscan gereorde, and mǣneþ "nīwe burg".

Cartainaþēod wæs Pene þā setledon on Affrice fram Phoenicia (sēo is nū Libanus). In þǣre bēc Æneid cwæþ Uirgilius þe Dido cwēn brōhte Cartainaþēode fram Tyre. Hīe folgodon þā Cananēiscan ǣfæstnesse.

Cartaina wæs scipstrang and hæfde micel rīce ofer Wendelsǣ. Cartainisce landbūnesse lǣgon in Ispanie and on Wendlesǣwes strandum, swā feorr swā Masilia. Ēac on hiere rīce wæron Corsica, Sardinia and Sicilia īege.

Cartaine mǣste heretogan wǣron Hannibal and Hasterbal, gebrōþer, Amilcor, hiera fæder and Hanno.

Þā Peniscan Gūða[adihtan]

Sēo Rōmanisce Cynewīse feaht mid Cartaine fram þǣm 264. gēare fore Crīste ōð þæt 146. fōre Crīste. In þǣm 202. fore Crīste æt Zama oferwann Scipio Africanus Hannibal þone heretogan and his fyrde. Cartaina belēas hiere landscipas and wearþ Rēmisc gafolgiefa.

Nōþȳlæs Rōm næfde lufe for Cartaine. In Rēmiscum Senatum cwæþ Caton:

Carthago delenda est

- þæt is "Adilegod sceal Cartaina bēon", oððe hē ofertēah ǣlcne cwide mid:

Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam.

"Ēac, ic hycge ðe man sceal Cartaina adilegian."

Æfter fīftig gēara begann nīwe gūþ in þǣm 149. gēare fore Crīste. Rōmware besǣton þā burg fram þǣm 149. fore Crīste ōð þæt 146. fore Crīste, þā nam Scipio Aemilianus þā burg and eall adolegode Cartaine burg. Hiere land on Affrice wearð Underrīce Affrica.

Rōmisc Cartaina[adihtan]

Rōmiscan hūs on Cartaine

Under þǣm Rēmiscan Rīce getimbrode man Cartaine nīwlīce. Hēo wæs hēafodburg þæs Underrīces Affrice, and hēo wæs eft sēo mǣste burg on Norþaffrice būton Alexandria.

Dido and Eneas[adihtan]

In ealdgesegene wæs ǣrest Cartaine cwēn Dido. Se Æneid telþ þe Windas drifon Eneas, Troia æþeling, tō Cartaine mid his scipum. Þǣr Dido begann tō lufienne hine forswīðe. Þā beglād hire Eneas þā lāð hē tō Italie, barn Dido cwēne selfe on āde and in hiere dēaþe swōr Cartainaþēode ēcelīc hāt wið Eneases folc, þæt wearþ Rōmware.