Pīpwēod

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Pīpwēod tō berēcenne

Pīpwēod is wyrtcræftig forþbǣru gewōrht of þǣm lēafum of wyrta on þǣre cnōsle Nicotiana. Hēo mōt wesan geeten, genotod swā gecyndelic wōlcwellend and, on þǣm gecynde nicoten tartrate , hēo is gebrocen on sumum lǣcedōmum.[1] On nytte hēo gemǣnost ēowaþ on þǣm gecynde of berēcunge, cēowunge, ēðunge, pīpwēode settunge, oþþe wǣtes dustes settunge. Pīpwēod hafaþ gebēon gebrocen tō fægerum wyrtbrǣðe in American. Hūru, andefen þæs tōcymes Europiscra mannaNorþamerican, hēo hraðe wearþ folclic tō cēapþinge and tō ǣmettigum līcwendendtimber . Þēos folclicettung worhte þā forðunge þǣre Sūðernan fæfhafolnesse þāra Geānlǣtena Rīca oþ hēo geald bēamwōle. Æfter þǣre Americiscan Ingefeohte, hweorfung ascunge and hweorfung weorcmihte lēt þā forðunge þæs paperpīpincles . Þēos nīwe forþbǣru hraðe wōrhte þā forðunge pīpwēode ciste, oþ þā lārcræftigan wiðerwinnunge on middelum 1900.

Þǣr sind manig gecynd pīpwēodes, þe sind eall befangen be þǣre wyrte cnōsle Nicotiana. Þæt word nicotiana (ēacswā nicoten) wæs nemned tō ārienne Jean Nicot, Frencisc ǣrendraca tō Portugale, se þe in 1559 sendede hīe tō lǣcwyrte tō þǣm getȳne of Catherine de Medici.[2]

For þǣm lustaspendendum weorðum nicotenes, adrēogung and forþgelangness weorðaþ. Bedrincinge micelness, oftness, and swiftness pīpwēodes foretunge sind gelīefed tō wesenne rihte andefen līfigre strengðe of nicotenes forþgelangnesse, lustaspendunge, and adrēogunge.[3][4] Sēo nytt pīpwēode is dǣd þe is gedōn fram nēan 1.1 þūsende þūsenda þūsenda lēoda, and swā manig swā 1/3 þæs hēafodrīmes weaxenra lēoda.[5] Sēo Worulde Hǣlðe Þēodness sægþ þæt hēo is se grēatosta forwiernendlica intinga dēaðes woruldwīde and apinsaþ þæt hēo nū wyrce 5.4 þūsend þūsenda dēaða gēarlīce.[6] Mǣlas berēcinge habbaþ restod oþþe geworded gelytlode on grōwnum rīcum, hūru hīe gīet ēacniaþ on grōwendum rīcum.

Pīpwēod is rǣred gelīce ōðrum wyrtcræftigum forþbǣru. Sǣd sind gested in cealdum earcum oþþe hātbeddum tō forwiernenne onrǣsas fram siexsceancedum wyrmum, and hraðe þǣræfter sind hīe ofersted on þā felda. Pīpwēod is gēarlic wyrt, sēo þe is gewunelīce geripen weorccræftlīce oþþe handlīce. Æfter hærfeste is pīpwēod aseted tō drygenne, þe lǣtt þā slāwan æðmlyftonwendunge and rotunge of geulorēadum tēafore. Þis lǣtt þā wyrtcræftigan forþbǣru tō befōnne weorþ þā þe gewunelīce tō þǣre "smōþnesse" smocan gecnoden sind. Æfter þissum is pīpwēod geseted on hire missenlicu gecynd for foretunge, þā þe befōþ berēcinge, cēowunge, ēðunge, and missenlicu gelīc ōðru gecynd.

Fruman[adihtan]

  1. http://student.britannica.com/comptons/article-208929/tobacco
  2. colonia 13 509 Heading: 1550–1575 Tobacco, Europe.
  3. Tobacco Facts - Why is Tobacco So Addictive?. Tobaccofacts.org. Begieten on 2008-09-18.
  4. Philip Morris Information Sheet. Stanford.edu. Begieten on 2008-09-18.
  5. Saner L. Gilman and Zhou Xun, "Introduction" in Smoke; p. 26
  6. (PDF) WHO Report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008 (foreword and summary). World Health Organization. 2008. pp. 8. http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_report_forward_summary_2008.pdf. "Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today.".