One World Trade Center

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One World Trade Center (1 WTC)
One World Trade Center
Eallgemǣna getācnunga:
Stent be: Nīweoforwīcburg, Geānedu Rīcu American
Steall: Ende þāra geweorca
Onginn geweorca: 2006
Ende geweorca: 1 Blōtmōnaþ 2013
Gemearcung:
Hīehþu: 417 m.
Gehāl hīehþu: 546 m.
Hīehþu be þæce: 417 m.
Brǣdu: 61 m.
Flōrgetæl: 104 + 5 grundflōr
Flōrgerūm: 325,279 m2
Timborwyrhta: Daniel Libeskind and David Childs
Timborgecynd: Heofonscrapiend
Āgend: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and Silverstein Properties

One World Trade Center (ēac Freedom Tower oþþe 1 WTC gehāten) biþ nama þæs hēafodboldes þæs nīwan World Trade Center-es be Nīweoforwīce þe be stōwe stendeþ þǣr twintorras þæs forman World Trade Center-es stōdon fore þǣm 11 Hāligmōnaþ 2001 torngemōte. Torr biþ ūtworpen of timborwyrhtan Daniel Libeskind.

Torr wearþ gebyldod be norþwesthōce þǣre 6.5 hectares grēatan World Trade Center-stōwe. Torr hæfþ gehāle hīehþu ymbe þām 1776 fōtum (ymbe 541 meterum), þæt swā tācn stendeþ 1776. gēares þanne Geānedu Rīcu American hīe seolfa unofhengelīcnesse nǣmon. Hīehþu be þæce biþ 417 meteras tō dragenne forþon þȳ sēo gelīc biþ þǣre þæs forman World Trade Center-es. Be 27 Ēastermōnaðe 2006 wearþ þæt One World Trade Center ambihtlīce ongunnen mid fundrum þāra underdǣla torres. Be Wēodmōnaðe 2012 wearþ timbor þæs torres geendod, and openungdæg sceal stede findan be 1 Blōtmōnaðe 2013.

Ymbstōw and gemearcunga[adihtan]

Wiþ þone torr cumað þǣr fīf ōþra torras: 7 World Trade Center (bē 2006 geendod), 200 Greenwich Street (2 torr), 175 Greenwich Street (3 torr), 150 Greenwich Street (4 torr) and World Trade Center 5 Torr.

Wiþ One World Trade Center hine ēac findeþ Gemyndigunge Twintorra. Gemyndigung biþ ‘Reflecting Absence’ gehāten and wæs ūtworpen of Michael Arad. Þæt bestendeþ ūt sumum ‘pōle’ be undergrundlīcum flōrum þǣr mann ymbe 9/11 āþencenne binnan mæg cuman. Þā pōl bā standað gerihte þǣr þā twēgen Twintorras stōdon. Be stede þæs National September 11 Memorial & Museum-es hine ēac findeþ museum mid belīfdǣlum þāra Twintorra (þǣrunder twā þāra dragendena þrītēþ-timborgeweorca and geþing þe hwīlum gerȳmunge of Ground Zero wurdon gefunden).

Tō onginn sceolde torr Freedom Tower (Frēodōmtorr) gehāten. In Hæglmōnaðe 2009 gewǣre gesceōd Hæfenweald Nīweoforwīca and Nīwe Cēsarēa āgend þæt þone naman One World Trade Center bet se torr meahte dragan mid þȳ þe hē mā geldberende biþ. Þēos gesceādnes hæfþ fela geanword undergangen.

Gerecednes[adihtan]

Ǣrra geþynge[adihtan]

Þǣræfter þā twintorras fēollon þǣm grunde uppan be 11 Hāligmōnaþ 2001 torngemōtum wurdon fela gesprec ymbe tōweardnesse þǣre stōwe. Forestealla þā ǣresta cwōmon, and be 2002. gēares geopenode Lower Manhattan Development Corporation sum wiþstrīþ tō gesceādenne þȳ se stede gebrocen weorþe.

Folcgetācnung þæs ǣrestan ūtweorp-getemesedes (þæt “Primarly Design Concept”) lǣdde tō sumum ōþran getemesede be Ǣrran-Gēolan þæs 2002. gēares (þæt “Innovative Design Concept”). Þǣrūt wearþ sum ūtweorp of Daniel Libeskind ūtcoren. Beforan þæt ūtweorp tō gode gecoren wurde, wearþ hit fela sīþ gesawen forþon of mænigum unānignessum mid Larry Silverstein, āgend tō þǣm forman World Trade Center-e.

Ambihtlīc geþynge[adihtan]

Be 28 Ǣrran-Līðan þæs 2002. gēares wearþ sum ambihtlica geþynge gecoren æt þǣm nīwan torre. Swāþæt se torr fulle geborgen weorþe swāswā āscode New York City Police Department, wearþ be Ēastermōnaðe ān 57-meteras hēah betōnen fōt tō geþynge gefēged. Swā andwyrde tō þām þe þōhton þæt se torr swā “betōnen buncer” bewlātian meahte, biþ betōnen fōt þæs boldes mid glæse geclǣþed.

Þā ūtweorpendas þæs boldes bescrīfaþ 1 WTC swā “monoliþisc glæsen getimbor […] geþeaht suma biliþhēawenena wanda.” Geāscod ymbe ende þǣra getimbra sægde L. Silverstein: “Be 2012. gēares willað wē sumne fulle gebȳedan torr habban, hīera and wundorfullra þanne hit ǣg wæs."

Torr wearþ be Wēodmōnaðe þæs 2012. gēares tō þæce geendod and be Þrīmilcemōnaðe þæs 2013. gēares wæs wand fullbȳed.

Geweorc[adihtan]

Be 26 Ēastermōnaðe þæs 2006. gēares stealde Port Authority of New York and New Jersey sum oncnāwlīca gefēg, þǣrmid se torr his geweorc ongunnen cūþe weorþan. Sum ambihtlīce ānrǣdnes wearþ be þǣm folgiendan dæge geseted, and þā wæs 75an gebyrddæg þæs Empire State Building his openungdæges.

Be 30 Ēastermōnaðe þæs 2012. gēares wearþ se torr hīehst bold be Nīweoforwīce, ofergangende þæt Empire State Building be fēowum meterum, þēah næs se hīehst torr be Norþamerican forþȳ þæt Willis Tower be Chicago (442 meteras hēah) giet hīerra wæs. Þēos hīehþu is be Wīnmōnaðe þæs 2012. gēares oferscriðen geworden, þǣrmid One World Trade Center hīehst gebolde be Norþamerican ēacswā is geworden. Þā þā weorcere tōbecwōmon ongann þæt geweorc mid ambihtlīcum gescrife. Se torr is gebiden be 2014. gēares gebrūcbǣr tō weorþenne.

Biliþ þāra geweorca[adihtan]

Sēo ēac[adihtan]