Eormanrīc

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Eormanrīċ (ȝeboren betƿēonan 260/276, d. betƿēonan 370/376) ƿæs Ēastgotena Cyning.

Sƿā cyning rīċsode hē ƿīd rīċe in Middel Europan. Þā rihtan ȝemǣru his landrīċes sind dīegol, ac sind obscure, but it seems to have stretched south of the Pripet Marshes between Danais and Dniester ēa.

Eormanrīċes nama in his native Gotisc was probably Aírmanareiks. He is referred to in literature throughout the Germanic world right up until the 13th century. Because of this his name takes many forms: in Iordanes' Getica is he Ermanaricus, in the Engliscan epic Bēoƿulf is he Eormenric, in Old Norse is he Jörmunrekkr, and in Middle High German Ermenrich. Since the name Heiðrekr was rather synonymous with Ermanaric, he is possibly identical to Heiðrekr Ulfhamr of the Hervarar saga, who is said to have ruled the Goths for a long time.

Eormanrīċ is mentioned in two Roman sources—from the writings of Ammianus and in Getica by the 6th century stǣrwritere Iordanes.

According to Ammianus, Eormanrīċ is 'a most warlike king' who eventually commits suicide, facing the aggression of the Hunna, who invaded his territories in the 370s. His cynedōm ƿæs ādigeled and his folc wearþ subject to þǣm Hunnum for about 75 years.

According to Iordanes, the king put to death a woman named Sunilda by tying her to two wild horses and driving them apart, because her husband had treacherously deserted him. Thereupon her two brothers, Sarus and Ammius, severely wounded Ermanaric. Variations of this legend had a profound effect on medieval Germanic literature, including that of England and Scandinavia. Iordanes claims that he successfully ruled the Goths until his death at the age of 110.