Bryttisce Wealdendas

Fram Wikipǣdian
(Edlǣded of Bryttisce ƿealdendas)
Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Þis gewrit hæfþ wordcwide on Nīwenglisce.

Þēos is getalu Brytiscra Þēodcyninga, that is, þā anwealdendas þā hadde rīċe on sume þāra missenliċan cynerīċum þā habbaþ existed on, or incorporated, Brytenīeg, namalice:

Wealdendas[adihtan]

Succession to the many thrones often did not pass smoothly from parent to child; lack of heirs, civil wars, murders and invasions affected the inheritance in ways that a simple list does not show. The relationships that formed the basis for claims to throne are noted where we know them, and the dates of reign indicated.

Engla Wealdendas Scotta Wealdendas
Nama Reign Notes Nama Reign Notes
The Westseaxe The House of Alpin
Kenneth I 843858 Formest cyning ofer Peohtum and Scottum
Dufenal I 858862 Kennethes I brōðor
Constantine I 862877 Kenneth I's sunu
Ælfrēd se Grēata 871899 Recognised as leader of all free Angelcynn under the Treaty of Wedmore, 878
Áed 877878 Kennethes I sunu
Eochaid 878889 Áed's nephew
Jointly with Giric ?
Giric 878889 Áed's first cousin ?
Dufenal II 889900 Constontines I sunu
Ēadweard se Ieldra 899924 Ælfrēdes sunu
Constontinus II 900943 Áedes sunu
Ælfweard 924 Ēadweardes sunu, Westseaxna cyning ane
Æþelstan 924939 Ēadweardes sunu, ǣrest de facto cyning ofer eall Englalande.
Ēadmund I 939946 Ēadweardes sunu
Mælcolm I 943954 Dufenal II sunu
Ēadred 946955 Ēadweardes sunu
Indulf 954962 Constontines II sunu
Ēadwig 955959 Ēadmundes sunu
Ēadgar 959975 Ēadmundes sunu
Dub 962966 Mælcolmes I sunu
Cuilén 966971 Indulfes sunu
Kenneth II 971–? Mælcolmes I sunu
Ēadweard se Martyr 975978 Ēadgares sunu Amlaíb ?–977 Indulfes sunu
Kenneþ II 977995 2nd reign
Æþelrǣd Unræd 9781013
10141016
Ēadgares sunu
Constontinus III 995997 Cuilénes sunu
Kenneth III 9971005 Dubes sunu
Mælcolm II 10051034 Kenneþes II sunu
Ēadmund Isernside 1016 Æthelrǣdes sunu
The Denisc Cyningas
Both the Saxon and Danish royal houses claimed the English throne, 1013 to 1016. Denemearc and Englaland had the ilcan cyning fram 1016 to 1042.
Swegn Haroldson 10131014  
Cnut Swegnson 10161035 Sweynes sunu
Dunecan I 10341040 Mælcolmes II suna sunu
Harold Harefoot 10351040 Cnutes sunu
Harðacnut 10401042 Canutes sunu Macbeoðen 10401057 Kenneth III's granddaughter's husband
The Westseaxe Restoration
Ēadweard se Andettere 10421066 Æthelrǣdes sunu
Lulach 10571058 Kenneth III's great-grandson, Macbeoðnes step-son and cousin
The House of Dunkeld
Malcolm III 10581093 Duncanes I sunu
Harold Godwinson 1066 Ēadweard se Andettere's brother-in-law[1]
Ēadgar Æðeling 1066 Grandson of Ēadmund Isernside
The Normans
After the Norman Conquest in 1066, numbering of kings (a French tradition never used by the English prior to that date) begins.
Willelm se Gehīersumiend 10661087 Distant kinsman of Ælfrēd se Grēata
Willelm II, Rufus 10871100 Willelmes I sunu, descendant of Ælfrēd se Grēata
Dufenal III 10931094
10941097
Dunecanes I sunu
Dunecan II 1094 Mælcolmes III sunu
Ēadgar 10971107 Malcolmes III sunu
Henry I 11001135 Willelmes I sunu, descendant of Ælfrēd se Grēata
Alexander I 11071124 Malcolmes III son
Dauid I 11241153 Mælcolmes III sunu
Stephen 11351154 Willelmes I grandson
Malcolm IV 11531165 Dauides I grandson
The Angevins or Plantagenets
The Royal House name changed to reflect Matilda's marriage to Geoffrey Plantagenet.
Matilda (Maud Caserin) 1141 Henry I's dōhtor, Ēadmund Isernsides great-great-granddaughter
Henry II 11541189 Matildas sunu
Wilhelm I 11651214 Dauid I's grandson
Richard I, the Lionheart 11891199 Henrys II sunu
Monarchs of England and Ireland
In 1199, John, already Hlāford Īrlandes, inherited the English throne. The title "Hlāford Īrlandes" was used until it was replaced by "Cyning Īrlandes" in 1542.
Iohannes "Lackland" 11991216 Henrys II sunu
Alexander II 12141249 Wilhelmes I sunu
Heanric III 12161272 Iohannes sunu
Alexander III 12491286 Alexanderes II sunu
Ēadweard I "Langscancan" 12721307 Henrys III sunu
Margaret 1286-1290 Alexander III's granddaughter, never inaugurated
The House of Balliol
When Margaret died in 1290 there was no clear heir. King Edward I of England adjudged the claims of Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale and John Balliol in Balliol's favour.
Iohannes 12921296 Dauid I's great-great-great-grandson
The House of Bruce
When John Balliol rebelled, the Wars of Scottish Independence commenced, during which Robert se Bruce wearþ cyninge.
Robert I 13061329 David I's great-great-great-great-grandson
Ēadweard II 13071327 Ēadweardes I sunu
Ēadweard III 13271377 Ēadweardes II sunu
Dauid II 13291371 Robertes I sunu
The House of Balliol
For a period of time, both Edward Balliol and Dauid II claimed the throne.
Ēadweard Balliol 13321336 Iohannes Ballioles sunu
The House of Stuart
Engaged to the Dauphin at age five, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots was thus brought up in the French court where she became "Marie Stuart, Reine de l'Écosse," etc., to render the sound of 'Stewart' into French as accurately as possible. Mary kept the French spelling on her return to Scotland in 1560.
Robert II 13711390 Robert I's grandson
Richard II 13771399 Eadweardes III grandson
Robert III 13901406 Robert II's son
The House of Lancaster
Henry Bolingbroke deposed Richard II, and the Royal House name came to reflect Henry's father's title, Duke of Lancaster.
Heanric IV 13991413 Edward III's grandson
Iacobus I 14061437 Robert III's son
Heanric V 14131422 Henry IV's son
Heanric VI 14221461
14701471
Heanrices V sunu
James II 14371460 James I's son
Iacobus III 14601488 James II's son
The House of York
The Houses of Lancaster and York had fought the Wars of the Roses, and the Yorkists took the throne.
Ēadwēard IV 14611470
14711483
Ēadweard III's great-great-grandson
Ēadweard V 1483 Ēadweardes IV sunu
Richard III 14831485 Edward IV's brother
The House of Tudor
The Lancastrian Heanric Tudor reclaimed the throne from the Yorkists.
Henry VII 14851509 Edward III's great-great-great-grandson
Iacobus IV 14881513 James III's son
Heanric VIII 15091547 Henry VII's son, Edward IV's grandson
Iacobus V 15131542 Iacobes IV sunu
Mary I 15421567 James V's daughter
Ēadweard VI 15471553 Henry VIII's son
Jane 1553 Henry VII's great-granddaughter. Not generally noted as officially queen[2][3]
Maria I 15531558 Henry VIII's daughter
Elisabeþ I 15581603 Henry VIII's dōhtor
Iacobus I (Englaland)
Iacobus VI (Scotland)
16031625 Marie I sunu
Monarchs of England, Scotland, and Ireland
In 1603, James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne upon the death of Elizabeth I in what is known as the Union of the Crowns. From then until 1707, England, Scotland, and Ireland had shared monarchs.
The House of Stuart
Nama Reign Notes
Iacobus I (Englaland)
Iacobus VI (Scotland)
16031625 Marie Scotta Cwēne sunu; great-great-grandson of Henry VII of England; first to be styled "Grēatre Bryten Cyning" (1604)
Carl I 16251649 James VI & I's son
The Period of Interregnum, (Commonwealth and Protectorate)
England had no king from 1649 to 1660, but the constitutional status of the government was never clear. For example, the Long Parliament, up until its dissolution on 20 April 1653, was commonly recognised as a Republic. It, however, styled itself as a Commonwealth. Following the dissolution of the Rump, a Nominated Assembly was formed. Not until Cromwell accepted the Instrument of Government on 15 December 1653 did the constitutional status of the regime change. From then on Oliver Cromwell was styled as Lord Protector, ruling through two Protectorate Parliaments. In 1659, Richard Cromwell abdicated, returning power to Parliament until the Stuart Restoration in 1660.
Nama Reign Notes
Oliver Cromwell 16531658  
Richard Cromwell 16581659 Oliver Cromwell's son
The House of Stuart (restored)
Nama Reign Notes
Charles II 16601685 England
1649-1651 and 16601685 Scotland
(16491685 de jure)
Charles I's elder son (crowned at Scone, in Scotland, 1651). He officially dated his reign from his father's death
James II (England)
James VII (Scotland)
16851689 Charles I's younger son
Maria II 16891694 James II's elder daughter
Joint sovereign with her husband, William III, II and I
Willelm III (Englaland)
Willelm II (Scotland)
16891702 Carles I grandson
Jointly mid his wīfe, Maria II
Anne 17021707
(full reign: 1702–1714)
James II's dohtor
Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
In 1707, the Act of Union merged the Cynerīce Englalandes and the Cynerīce Scotlandes into the Cynerīce Grēatbryttenes.
The House of Stuart (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
Anne 17071714
(full reign: 1702–1714)
James II's daughter
The House of Hanover
Under the Act of Settlement 1701, the English (thus, the successor British) throne could only be held by a Protestant. Sophia of Hanover, the nearest such relative, thus became statutorily designated as the next heir. She died shortly before Anne, and her place was taken by her son, who thus founded the House of Hanover (aka Guelph and Brunswick).
George I 17141727 James I's great-grandson
George II 17271760 George I's son
George III 17601801
(full reign: 1760–1820)
George II's grandson
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
In 1801, the Act of Union combined the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom.
The House of Hanover (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
George III 18011820
(full reign: 1760–1820)
George II's grandson
George IV 18201830 George III's son
Willelm IV 18301837 George III's son
Uictoria 18371901 George III's granddaughter
The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
The Royal House name was changed to reflect Victoria's marriage to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, but she herself remained a member of the House of Hanover.
Ēadweard VII 19011910 Victoria's son
George V 19101917
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Edward VII's son
The House of Windsor
The name of the Royal House changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917 due to anti-German sentiments during World War I.
George V 19171927
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Edward VII's son
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
In 1922, the Irish Free State left the United Kingdom. The name of the Kingdom was amended in 1927 to reflect the change. Between 1927 and the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act in 1949 George V, Edward VIII, and George VI were also styled "King of Ireland".
The House of Windsor (continued)
Nama Reign Notes
George V 19271936
(full reign: 1910–1936)
Edward VII's son
Ēadweard VIII 1936 George V's son; abdicated
George VI 19361952 Edward VIII's brother (and George V's son)
Elisabeþ II 6 February 1952- George VI's daughter; also queen of 15 other sovereign kingdoms.

Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. Sume secgað þe Harold wæs eac descended from Ælfredes broþor Æthelrǣd
  2. Proclaimed Queen on 10 July 1553, but deposed by Maria I æfter 9 dagum.
  3. Lady Jane is commonly listed as House of Tudor, despite her surname not being Tudor