Ēadgar Scotta Cyning

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Ēadgar Scotta Cyning
King Edgar of Scotland.jpg
Foregenga Dufenal III
Æftergenga Alexander
Fæder Mælcolm III
Modor Margareta
Geboren ymbe 1074
Deaþ 8 Ǣfter Gēola 1107
Edinburg
Byrgen Dunfermlin-mynster

Ēadgar (1074–8 Æfterra Gēola 1107), wæs Scotta Cyning of 1097 oð 1107. He wæs Mælcolmes III sunu and Margaretan.

Ēadgar sōhtede þone cynedōm in 1095, æfter þe Máel Petair murþrede Dunecan II, Ēadgares healf-brōþor. His ieldra brōþor Ēadmund wæs Dufenales Cyninges mann.

Willelm II Engla Cyning fercode Ēadgar swa swa he hadde fercod Dunecan; gehwæðere, se Engla cyning geaf lytle fultum and in 1095 heold Ēadgar anlic Loðene. Bōc gewriten æt Dūnholm æt þissum tīde secgþ þe he wæs "Melcolmes Scotta Cyninges sunu ... se āh eall Loðene land and Scotta cynedōm be mīnes hlafordes Willelmes Engla Cyninges giefu, and be fæder-ierfe."[1]

Ēadgar's claims hæfde fullæste of his brōþrum, Alexander and Dauid, and Ēadgares ēam, Ēadgar Æðeling forþæm hie wæron witnesmenn þære bēc æt Dūnholm. Ēadmund his brōðor wæs for Dufenale.[2]

In 1096 wæs Willelm cyning in Normandige and oþ 1097 ne fōn Ēadgar ne mā fullæst. In þæm geare forslōg he Dufenales and Ēadmundes þrēat in heardum wīgplege and fang to rīce. Ēadgares þrēates heretoga wæs Ēadgar Ætheling.[3]

On 29 Þrimilcemōnaþ 1099 þegned Ēadgar swa sweordbora æt Willelmes Cyninges symbel to onspannenne Westmynster Heall. Æfter Willelmes Cyninges deaþ cwōm Ēadgar Cyning ne eft on þæm Engla cyninges hired. He næs mid þæm hired þa wæs Heanrig I to cyninge gehalgod.[4]

In 1098, Ēadgar Cyning geþingode mid Magnus III Norrena Cyning, and mearcodon þæt landgemære betwēonum Scottum and Normannum. Normannum geaf he þa īege þæs weste and Cintir-næs, þa gēo heoldon hie.[5]

Ēadgar staðolede Coludingaham Mynster in 1098 and oþres munuchāde.

Ēadgar forþferde in Edinbyrig on 8 Æfter Geol 1107 and his banhus licþ æt Dunfermlin Mynster. Unbeweddod and bearnleas, he namode Alexander his brōþor swa his ierfa. Ēadgares cwide ēac geaf Dauide land and sōc on Cumbrum (þa gamlan Stræcled Rīces land)[6] and man wolde Dauid "Dauid Cumbra Æþeling" hetan.

Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. Oram, leaf 46, secgþ þe sēo bōc hæfþ Loþene be Willelmes giefe and Scotta cynedōm be fæderierfe; Dunecan, leaf 56.
  2. Oram, leaf 46.
  3. Oram, p.47; Duncan, pp/. 57–58.
  4. Duncan, p.58.
  5. Oram, p. 48.
  6. Duncan, p. 60; Oram, leaf 60.
  • Barrow, G. W. S., The Kingdom of the Scots. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2003. ISBN 0-7486-1803-1
  • Duncan, A. A. M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Oram, Richard, David I: The King Who Made Scotland. Tempus, Stroud, 2004. ISBN 0-7524-2825-X