Īslendisc sprǣc

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Īslendisc (íslenska)
Gelōmlicu in: Īsland
Folc: ~320,000
Grād: Nān

Cynnlicu Endebyrdung:

Indo-Europisc
 Germanisc
  Norþ Germanisc
   Īslendisc

Ambihtlic Stede:
Ambihtlicu sprǣc in: Īsland
Geregolod fram: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar (Gesetnes Ārnan Magnūssones)
Sprǣce Begīemung:
ISO 639-1: is
ISO 639-2: isl
ISO 639-3: isl
SIL: ICE

Sēo Īslendisce sprǣc is sēo sprǣc gesprecen in Īslande. Hēo is sibb tō þǣre Ealdan Engliscan Sprǣce. Īslendisc is Indo-Europeisc sprǣc langende tō þǣm Norðan Germaniscan oððe Norðiscan tǷiggan þāra Germaniscra sprǣca. Stǣrlice, Ƿæs hēo sēo Ƿesternemeste þāra Indo-Europeiscra sprǣca ætforan þǣre landnǣme þāra Americena. Īslendisc, Foroisc, Norn, and Norsc scōpon formanlice Ƿeste Norðisce; Denisc and SǷēdisc scōpon Ēaste Norðisce. Ðā Norðisca sprǣca sind nū ādǣled in-tō ǣglicre Norðiscan and mægenlendum Scandinaviscan sprǣcum. Nū ābandað hīe Norsce mid Deniscre and SǷediscre fore hīre mǣnelican understandunge mid þām sprǣcum, þurh hefige mēahte from heom ofer þā lætstan þūsund Ƿintra, synderlice from Deniscre.

Mǣst Ƿesternera Europeiscra sprǣca habbað grēate gedōna efena gebīgednisse, synderlice naman declensunge. In gedāl, Īslendisc stōǷað fēoǷer-cāsusa tōgædresetlic stæfcræfte efenametendlice mid Germaniscre. Hit is ungehýðe þā stæfcræfte Īslendiscre tō efenmetenne mid þǣm þāra Ƿeriendrera Baltiscre, Slaviscre, and Indiscre sprǣca þæs Indo-Europeiscan hīredes, þāra manig stōǷað syx oððe māran cāsus, elcor tō mearcienne þæt Īslendisc Ƿīdre rǣǷe unefenra declensunga hīe īermeð. Īslendisc āg ēac maniga bisna forðgelangra cāsusa Ƿiðūtan ǣnig ricsiende Ƿord, sǷǣsǷā in Lǣdene. Tō bisne, manig þāra mislīcra Lǣdenra ætbregdendlicra hafað andsprecendne Īslendiscne forgifendlicne. Hūru, ofsegen of hīre mōtiendum strēonum, þā wundorlice behealdsōcne þǣre Īslandiscre sprǣce and hīre becumende nēah-samnis tō Ealdre Norscre (sēo is sprǣcǷitum Ealde Īslandisce efenweorðlice nemned) mǣneð þæt, tō hira Ƿynne, andǷearde Islenderas Edda sæcge ēaðe rǣdan cunnon, sǷǣsǷā oðere classisce Ealde Norsce bōccræftlice Ƿeorc in þām tīeðan þurh þrīetīeðan hundum Ƿintra gescapen.

Sēo sīde manigeo Īslandiscra sprecendra — abūtan 320 000 — libbað in Īslande. Ðær sind ābūtan 8 165 Īslendisce sprecend in Denemearcan libbende, þāra nēalǣcende 3 000 sind leorningcnihtas. Ðā sprǣce sprecað ēac 5 112 lēode in þām USA[4] and 2 170-um in Canadan (under oðerum, in Gimli, Manitoba). 97% þǣre burugǷare Īslandes dēmað Īslandisce hīra mōðere tungan, ac in sumum mansumungum ýte Īslandes se bryce þǣre sprǣce is āhildende. Īslandisce sprecend ýte Īslandes āspeliað endeniehste ofersetlung ælmǣst in eallum fiellum elcor Gimli, sēo from þām 1880m and andǷeardes gesetled Ƿæs.

Sēo Īslandisce Lagu ne nemneð þā sprǣce sǷā þā ambihtsprǣce þǣs rīcges. Ðēah Īsland is geglida þǣs Norðiscan Gemōtes, þāh bryceð þæt Gemōt Denisce, Norsce and SǷedisce āna sǷā his Ƿyrcenda sprǣca. Ðæt gemōt ūp nimeð, þēah, efne in Īslendiscre. Under þǣre Mittunge þāra Norðiscra Sprǣca, siððan 1987, habbað burugǷare Īslandes þone býre Īslendisce tō brūcenne, þanne mid ambihtbodigum in oðerum Norðiscan ricgum midǷyrcende, Ƿiðūtan scyldige for utgǣfa gerecednisse oððe geþēodnisse tō bēonne. Sēo Mittung þecð besēcas tō sēochūsum, bysge middum, ambihtum þǣre Ƿæccan and geþēodlicre gehýdnisse; hūru, sēo Mittung nis sǷīðe gōde cūð and is mǣste unǷyrcende, sǷǣsǷā manig Īslandere æfter þǣm 1940m geborena hafað geþogenne Ƿeald Engliscre. Ða rīcgu habbað gebundennisse ofernumena, gebeodu in missenlicum sprǣcum tō forelōcienne, ac burugǷare nabbað nāne forþearlice rihtas būtan forǷorhtra and dōmlicra cyððona.

Ðæt cyneǷīsan gedragene Árniges Magnússones Institūt for Īslendiscum Begengnissum gieldeð sǷā midde for þæt-þe þā middelealdorlic Īslendisc handwreotu tō āsparienne and þā sprǣce and hīre bōccræft tō leornienne. Ðǣre Īslendiscan Sprǣce Gemōt, befangende spalan of universitetum, þā cræftas, spelmen, larēoǷas, and þæt Bord Culturan, Lāre and Ūprǣrunge, rǣdeð þǣm onǷealdum on sprǣce līnan. Ðǣre Īslendiscan Sprǣce Fund uphielt hǷætscipas āþohte for þæt-þe þā Īslendiscan sprǣce tō fyrðrenne. Siððan 1995, on Blōtmōnaðe 16 ǣlc gēar, þǣm gebyrddæge Jōnases Hallgrīmssones, þǣs 19ðan hundes Ƿintra dihteres, is sǷā Īslendiscre Sprǣce Dæg bodigendlic.

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