Īslendisc sprǣc

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Gān tō: þurhfōr, sēcan
Īslendisc (íslenska)
Gelōmlicu in: Īsland
Folc: ~320,000
Grād: Nān

Cynnlicu Endebyrdung:

Indo-Europisc
 Germanisc
  Norþ Germanisc
   Īslendisc

Ambihtlic Stede:
Ambihtlicu sprǣc in: Īsland
Geregolod fram: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar (Gesetnes Ārnan Magnūssones)
Sprǣce Begīemung:
ISO 639-1: is
ISO 639-2: isl
ISO 639-3: isl
SIL: ICE

Sēo Īslendisce sprǣc is sēo sprǣc gesprecen in Īslande. Hēo is sibb tō þǣre Ealdan Engliscan Sprǣce. Īslendisc is Indo-Europeisc sprǣc langende tō þǣm Norðan Germaniscan oððe Norðiscan twiggan þāra Germaniscra sprǣca. Stǣrlice, wæs hēo sēo westernemeste þāra Indo-Europeiscra sprǣca ætforan þǣre landnǣme þāra Americena. Īslendisc, Foroisc, Norn, and Norsc scōpon formanlice weste Norðisce; Denisc and Swēdisc scōpon Ēaste Norðisce. Ðā Norðisca sprǣca sind nū ādǣled in-tō ǣglicre Norðiscan and mægenlendum Scandinaviscan sprǣcum. Nū ābandað hīe Norsce mid Deniscre and Swediscre fore hīre mǣnelican understandunge mid þām sprǣcum, þurh hefige mēahte from heom ofer þā lætstan þūsund wintra, synderlice from Deniscre.

Mǣst westernera Europeiscra sprǣca habbað grēate gedōna efena gebīgednisse, synderlice naman declensunge. In gedāl, Īslendisc stōwað fēower-cāsusa tōgædresetlic stæfcræfte efenametendlice mid Germaniscre. Hit is ungehýðe þā stæfcræfte Īslendiscre tō efenmetenne mid þǣm þāra weriendrera Baltiscre, Slaviscre, and Indiscre sprǣca þæs Indo-Europeiscan hīredes, þāra manig stōwað syx oððe māran cāsus, elcor tō mearcienne þæt Īslendisc wīdre rǣwe unefenra declensunga hīe īermeð. Īslendisc āg ēac maniga bisna forðgelangra cāsusa wiðūtan ǣnig ricsiende word, swǣswā in Lǣdene. Tō bisne, manig þāra mislīcra Lǣdenra ætbregdendlicra hafað andsprecendne Īslendiscne forgifendlicne. Hūru, ofsegen of hīre mōtiendum strēonum, þā wundorlice behealdsōcne þǣre Īslandiscre sprǣce and hīre becumende nēah-samnis tō Ealdre Norscre (sēo is sprǣcwitum Ealde Īslandisce efenweorðlice nemned) mǣneð þæt, tō hira wynne, andwearde Islenderas Edda sæcge ēaðe rǣdan cunnon, swǣswā oðere classisce Ealde Norsce bōccræftlice weorc in þām tīeðan þurh þrīetīeðan hundum wintra gescapen.

Sēo sīde manigeo Īslandiscra sprecendra — abūtan 320 000 — libbað in Īslande. Ðær sind ābūtan 8 165 Īslendisce sprecend in Denemearcan libbende, þāra nēalǣcende 3 000 sind leorningcnihtas. Ðā sprǣce sprecað ēac 5 112 lēode in þām USA[4] and 2 170-um in Canadan (under oðerum, in Gimli, Manitoba). 97% þǣre burugware Īslandes dēmað Īslandisce hīra mōðere tungan, ac in sumum mansumungum ýte Īslandes se bryce þǣre sprǣce is āhildende. Īslandisce sprecend ýte Īslandes āspeliað endeniehste ofersetlung ælmǣst in eallum fiellum elcor Gimli, sēo from þām 1880m and andweardes gesetled wæs.

Sēo Īslandisce Lagu ne nemneð þā sprǣce swā þā ambihtsprǣce þǣs rīcges. Ðēah Īsland is geglida þǣs Norðiscan Gemōtes, þāh bryceð þæt Gemōt Denisce, Norsce and Swedisce āna swā his wyrcenda sprǣca. Ðæt gemōt ūp nimeð, þēah, efne in Īslendiscre. Under þǣre Mittunge þāra Norðiscra Sprǣca, siððan 1987, habbað burugware Īslandes þone býre Īslendisce tō brūcenne, þanne mid ambihtbodigum in oðerum Norðiscan ricgum midwyrcende, wiðūtan scyldige for utgǣfa gerecednisse oððe geþēodnisse tō bēonne. Sēo Mittung þecð besēcas tō sēochūsum, bysge middum, ambihtum þǣre wæccan and geþēodlicre gehýdnisse; hūru, sēo Mittung nis swīðe gōde cūð and is mǣste unwyrcende, swǣswā manig Īslandere æfter þǣm 1940m geborena hafað geþogenne weald Engliscre. Ða rīcgu habbað gebundennisse ofernumena, gebeodu in missenlicum sprǣcum tō forelōcienne, ac burugware nabbað nāne forþearlice rihtas būtan forworhtra and dōmlicra cyððona.

Ðæt cynewīsan gedragene Árniges Magnússones Institūt for Īslendiscum Begengnissum gieldeð swā midde for þæt-þe þā middelealdorlic Īslendisc handwreotu tō āsparienne and þā sprǣce and hīre bōccræft tō leornienne. Ðǣre Īslendiscan Sprǣce Gemōt, befangende spalan of universitetum, þā cræftas, spelmen, larēowas, and þæt Bord Culturan, Lāre and Ūprǣrunge, rǣdeð þǣm onwealdum on sprǣce līnan. Ðǣre Īslendiscan Sprǣce Fund uphielt hwætscipas āþohte for þæt-þe þā Īslendiscan sprǣce tō fyrðrenne. Siððan 1995, on Blōtmōnaðe 16 ǣlc gēar, þǣm gebyrddæge Jōnases Hallgrīmssones, þǣs 19ðan hundes wintra dihteres, is swā Īslendiscre Sprǣce Dæg bodigendlic.

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