Getalu Rōmāniscra Cāsera

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This is a list of Roman Emperors with the dates they controlled the Roman Empire.

Note that in the list below Julius Caesar is not mentioned as an Emperor, while conventionally he is not considered as such. For a more in-depth discussion of whether or not Julius Caesar might have been considered as the first Emperor, see Roman Emperor.

For the worship of the Roman Emperor as a god, see imperial cult.

For a simplified list see: Concise List of Roman Emperors

italics: claimant who cannot be considered to have ruled or held power over part of the empire only
bold italics: nickname by which the individual is commonly known

The Principate[adihtan]

Julio-Claudian dynasty[adihtan]

Rīce Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
16 Æfterra Gēola 27 BC19 Wēodmōnaþ AD 14 Augustus GAIVS OCTAVIVS THVRINVS
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR OCTAVIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS 12BC: Pontifex Maximus
19 Wēodmōnaþ 1416 Hrēþmōnaþ 37 Tiberius TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS NERO
TIBERIVS IVLIVS CAESAR
TIBERIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS AD15: Pontifex Maximus
18 Hrēþmōnaþ 37 to 24 Æfterra Gēola 41 Caligula GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR GERMANICVS
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS CALIGVLA
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS Nickname Caligula, (Little-boots); AD37: Pontifex Maximus, Pater Patriae;
Assassinated
24 Æfterra Gēola 41 to 13 Winterfylleþ 54 Claudius TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS NERO GERMANICVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS AD42: Pater Patriae;
Assassinated by poisoning
Winterfylleþ 54 to 11 Sēremōnaþ 68 Nero LVCIVS DOMITIVS AHENOBARBVS NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR DRVSVS GERMANICVS
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
AD55: Pontifex Maximus; later Pater Patriae;
Committed suicide

Géar þára féower cásera[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
8 June 68 to 15 Æfterran Géolan 69 Galba SERVIVS SVLPICIVS GALBA SERVIVS GALBA IMPERATOR CAESAR AVGVSTVS Murdered by Otho;
see: Year of the four emperors
15 Æfterran Géolan 69 to 16 Éastermónaþ 69 Otho MARCVS SALVIVS OTHO IMPERATOR MARCVS OTHO CAESAR AVGVSTVS Committed suicide;
see: Year of the four emperors
2 January 69 to 20 Géolmónaþ 69 Vitellius AVLVS VITELLIVS AVLVS VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMPERATOR AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; murdered in the Forum;
see: Year of the four emperors

Flaviisc Hlāfordscipe[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
1 Mǣdmōnaþ 6924 Sēremōnaþ 79 Vespasian TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS IMPERATOR VESPASIANVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS AD70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
co-emperor;
see: Year of the four emperors
24 Sēremōnaþ 7913 Hærfestmōnaþ 81 Titus TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS AD70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
of Wēodmōnþe 69
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS
14 Hærfestmōnaþ 8118 Hærfestmōnaþ 96 Domitian TITVS FLAVIVS DOMITIANVS
CAESAR DOMITIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS, PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE lateAD83: Germanicus;
assassinated

Nervan-Antonian dynasty - Fīf Gōde Cāseras[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
18 Hærfestmōnaþ 9627 January 98 Nerva MARCVS COCCEIVS NERVA IMPERATOR NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS, PATER PATRIAE  
28 January 987 Wēodmōnaþ 117 Trajan MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS
MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS GERMANICVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI NERVAE FILIVS NERVA TRAIANVS GERMANICVS AVGVSTVS AD98: Pater Patriae; 102: Dacicus; 114: Parthicus; Aug/Sep 114: Optimus
11 Wēodmōnaþ 117 to 10 Mǣdmōnaþ 138 Hadrian PVBLIVS AELIVS HADRIANVS
PVBLIVS AELIVS TRAIANVS HADRIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXVMVS  
10 Mǣdmōnaþ 138 to 7 Hrēþmōnaþ 161 Antoninus Pius TITVS AVRELIVS FVLVIVS BOINONIVS ARRIVS ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR TIRVS AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR TITVS AELIVS HADRIANVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS post7 March 161: Pius; 139: Pater Patriae
143 Acclaimed emperor a second time
7 Hrēþmōnaþ 161 to 17 Hrēþmōnaþ 180 Marcus Aurelius MARCVS ANNIVS VERVS
AVRELIVS CAESAR AVGVSTI PII FILIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS co-emperor with Lucius Verus to March 169; 164: Armeniacus Medicus Parthicus Maximus; 166: Pater Patriae; 172: Germanicus; 175: Sarmaticus
7 Hrēþmōnaþ 161 oþ Hrēþmōnþe 169 Lucius Verus LVCIVS CEIONIVS COMMODVS
LVCIVS AELIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS VERVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius164: Armeniacus; 165: Parthicus Maximus; 166: Medicus, Pater Patriae
175175 Avidius Cassius GAIVS AVIDIVS CASSIVS   Āgnettere; gebodod cāsere: rīcsode in Egyptum and Syrian; ofmyrðrod fram hundredmenn
17731 Gēolmōnaþ 192 Commodus LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS
LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS CAESAR ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIAE Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius to 17 March 180;
Murdered: strangled by a wrestler
from 180 IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE Sole emperor

Severan Dynasty, African, Asian and Syrian Emperors[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
1 January 193 to 28 March 193 Pertinax PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAX IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus; murdered by soldiers on the Palatine
28 March 193 to 1 June 193 Didius Julianus MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS IVLIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS Sentenced to death by the Senate; murdered on the Palatine
9 April 193 to 4 February 211 Septimius Severus LVCIVS SEPTIMVS SEVERVS IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS SEPTIMVS SEVERVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS PROCONSVL 9 June 193: Pontifex Maximus; late193: Pater Patriae; 195: Divi Marci Pii filius Divi Commodi Frater; Pius; Arabicus, Adiabenicus; 198: Parthicus Maximus; 209/210: Britannicus Maximus
193 to 194/195 Pescennius Niger GAIVS PESCENNIVS NIGER   Claimant: emperor in Syria
193/195 to 197 Clodius Albinus DECIMVS CLODIVS SEPTIMIVS ALBINVS   Claimant: emperor in Britain
198 to 4 February 211 Caracalla LVCIVS SEPTIMIVS BASSIANVS
CARACALLA
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ANTONINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS 199: Pater Patriae; 200: Pius Felix; 209/210: Britannicus Maximus
4 February 211 to 8 February 217 IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIAE BRITANNICVS MAXIMVS PROCONSVL 213: Germanicus Maximus;
Murdered by Macrinus
209 to 4 February 211 Geta PVBLIVS SEPTIMVS GETA   Murdered by Caracalla
4 February 211 to December 211 IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS SEPTIMIVS GETA AVGVSTVS
11 April 217 to June 218 Macrinus MARCVS OPELLIVS MACRINVS IMPERATOR MARCVS OPELLIVS SEVERVS MACRINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS FELIX PROCONSVL ?June 217: Pater Patriae; Pontifex Maximus;
Executed
May 217 to June 218 Diadumenian MARCVS OPELLIVS DIADVMENIANVS IMPERATOR MARCVS OPELLIVS ANTONINVS DIADVMENIANVS CAESAR SEVERVS Executed
June 218 to 222 Elagabalus VARIVS AVITVS BASSIANVS
MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS
ELAGABALVS
IMPERATOR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS PROCONSVL July 218: Pater Patriae, Pontifex Maximus; 220: Sacerdos Amplissimus Dei Invicti Solis Elagabali
Assassinated
13 March 222 to ?March 235 Alexander Severus BASSIANVS ALEXIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ALEXANDER PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Pontifex Maximus
Assassinated

Crisis of the Third Century[adihtan]

Emperors during the height of the Crisis[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
February/March 235 to March/April 238 Maximinus Thrax GAIVS IVLIVS VERVS MAXIMINVS THRAX IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS JVLIVS VERVS MAXIMINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by troops
earlyJanuary/March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian I MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS AFRICANVS Committed suicide
earlyJanuary March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian II NARCYS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS AFRICANVS Killed in battle
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Pupienus Maximus MARCVS CLODIVS PVPIENVS MAXIMVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CLODIVS PVPIENVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by the Praetorians
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Balbinus DECIMVS CAELIVS ANTONIVS BALBINVS
DECIMVS CAELIVS CALVINVS BALBINVS
  Murdered by the Praetorians
May 238 to February 244 Gordian III MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS
MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS PIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
240 to 240 Sabinianus     Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle
February 244 to September/October 249 Philip the Arab MARCVS IVLIVS PHILLIPVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILLIPVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle by Decius
248 to 248 Pacantius TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS MARINVS PACATIANVS   Proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers
248 to 248 Jotapian MARCVS FVLVIVS RVFVS IOTAPIANVS   Claimant
248 to 248 Silbannacus     Usurper
249 to June 251 Decius GAIVS MESSIVS QVINTVS TRAIANVS DECIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS MESSIVS QVINTVS TRAIANVS DECIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
249 to 252 Priscus GAIVS JVLIVS PRISCVS   Proclaimed himself emperor in the Eastern provinces
250 to 250 Licinianus IVLIVS VALENS LICINIANVS   Claimant
early251 to 1 July 251 Herennius Etruscus QVINTVS HERENNIVS ETRVSCVS MESSIVS DECIVS   Killed in battle
251 to 251 Hostilian HOSTILIANVS HOSTILIANVS  
June 251 to August 253 Gallus GAIVS VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
July 251 to August 253 Volusianus GAIVS VIBIVS VOLVSIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VIBIVS AFINIVS GALLVS VELDVMNIANVS VOLVSIANVS AVGVSTVS Son and co-ruler of Trebonianus Gallus. Murdered by his own soldiers
August 253 to October 253 Aemilian MARCVS AEMILIVS AEMILIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AEMILIVS AEMILIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
253 to June 260 Valerian PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Gallienus; captured by Persians: died in captivity
253 to September 268 Gallienus PVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Valerian 253 to 260; murdered
258 or June 260 Ingenuus     Proclaimed himself emperor
260 Regalianus     Proclaimed emperor
260 to 261 Macrianus Major FVLVIVS MACRIANVS   Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Macrianus Minor TITVS FVLVIVS IVNIVS MACRIANVS   Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Quietus TITVS FVLVIVS IVNIVS QVIETVS   Claimant
261 to 261 or 262 Mussius Aemilianus LVCIVS MVSSIVS AEMILIANVS   Proclaimed emperor
268 to 268 Aureolus     Proclaimed himself emperor; surrendered to Claudius II Gothicus

Gallisc Rīce 260 to 274[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
260268 Postumus MARCVS CASSIANIVS LATINIVS POSTVMVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CASSIANVS LATINIVS POSTVMVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS  
269269 Laelianus VLPIVS CORNELIVS LAELIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VLPIVS CORNELIVS LAELIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS  
269269 Marius MARCVS AVRELIVS MARIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS MARIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS  
269271 Victorinus MARCVS PIAVONIVS VICTORINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS PIAVONIVS VICTORINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS  
270271 Domitianus     Ābodod cāsere þæs Galliscan Rīces
271274 Tetricus I CAIVS PIVS ESVVIVS TETRICVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS PIVS ESVVIVS TETRICVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS  

Illyrian Emperors[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
268 to August 270 Claudius II Gothicus MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS CLAVDIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Died of plague
August 270 to September 270 Quintillus MARCVS AVRELIVS QVINTILLVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS QVINTILLVS INVICTVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Briefly Co-emperor with Aurelian; committed suicide
August 270 to 275 Aurelian LVCIVS DOMITIVS AVRELIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS DOMITIVS AVRELIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by the Praetorian Guard
271 to 271 Septimius     Proclaimed emperor in Dalmatia; killed by his own soldiers
November/December 275 to July 276 Tacitus MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
July 276 to September 276 Florianus MARCVS ANNIVS FLORIANVS PIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANNIVS FLORIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
July 276 to lateSeptember 282 Probus MARCVS AVRELIVS EQVITIVS PROBVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS PROBVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
280 Saturninus IVLIVS SATVRNINVS   Claimant: forced by his soldiers; proclaimed himself emperor; killed by his soldiers
280 Proculus     Claimant: acceding to the request of the people of Lugdunum; killed by Probus
280 Bonosus GALLVS QVINTVS BONOSVS   Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated by Probus and committed suicide
September 282 to July/August 283 Carus MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIVS CARVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Uncertain cause of death; disease, lightning injury, a wound received in battle against the Huns and murder by the Praetorian Guard have all been suggested
spring 283 to summer 285 Carinus MARCVS AVRELIVS CARINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Numerian; Murdered
July/August 283 to November 284 Numerian MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIVS NVMERIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Carinus

Tetrarchies, unifications and new splits[adihtan]

Dominate[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
20 November 284 to 1 May 305 Diocletian DIOCLES
(full name not known)
GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS IOVIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE PROCONSVL Co-emperor with Maximian; 285: Germanicus Maximus, Sarmaticus Maximus; 286: Iovius; 287: Germanicus Maximus; 295: Persicus Maximus; 297: Britannicus Maximus, Carpicus Maximus; 298: Armenicus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus
Abdicated
1 April 286 to 1 May 305 Maximian MAXIMIANVS
(full name not known)
MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS HERCVLIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Diocletian; 286: Germanicus Maximus, Sarmaticus Maximus; 287: Iovius; 288: Germanicus Maximus; 294: Persicus Maximus; 298: Britannicus Maximus, Carpicus Maximus; 299: Armenicus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus;
Forced to abdicate
1 May 305 to 25 July 306 Constantius I Chlorus Constantius I Chlorus|FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS
CHLORVS
Constantius I Chlorus|IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS  
1 May 305 to May 311 Galerius CAIVS GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Severus II
August 306 to 16 September 307 Severus II FLAVIVS VALERIVS SEVERVS IMPERATOR SEVERVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Galerius
28 October 306 to 28 October 312 Maxentius MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Drowned on order of Constantine I The Great
307 to 308 Maximian MAXIMIANVS
(full name not known)

MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS HERCVLIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS HERCVLIVS GERMANICVS MAXIMVS SARMATICVS MAXIMVS IOVIVS GERMANICVS MAXIMVS PERSICVS MAXIMVS BRITANNICVS MAXIMVS CARPICVS MAXIMVS ARMENICVS MAXIMVS MEDICVS MAXIMVS ADIABENICVS MAXIMVS Abdicated
307 to 22 May 337 Constantine I The Great GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS CONSTANTINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE PROCONSVL 307: Germanicus Maximus; 312: Maximus; 323: Sarmaticus Maximus; 324: Victor substituting Invictus; 328: Gothicus Maximus; 336:Dacicus Maximus
308 Domitius Alexander LVCIVS DOMITIVS ALEXANDER   Proclaimed himself emperor
11 November 308 to 19 December 324 Licinius VALERIVS LICINIANVS LICINIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VALERIVS LICINIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; abdicated; (executed early 325)
1 May 310 to July/August 313 Maximinus Daia DAIA
MAXIMINVS GAIVS GALERIVS VALERIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMINVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; committed suicide
337 to 340 Constantine II FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS CONSTANTINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTINVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; killed in battle
337 to 361 Constantius II FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor
337 to 350 Constans FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; killed by Magnentius
January 350 to 11 August 353 Magnentius FLAVIVS MAGNVS MAGNENTIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS MAGNVS MAGENTIVS AVGVSTVS Co-ruler; committed suicide
c.350 Vetriano     Proclaimed himself emperor
c.350 Nepotianus     Proclaimed himself emperor
November 361 to June 363 Julian the Apostate FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
363 to 17 February 364 Jovian FLAVIVS IOVIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IOVIANVS AVGVSTVS Died accidentally

Valentinian Dynasty[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
26 February 364 to 17 November 375 Valentinian I FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS  
24 August 367 to 383 Gratian FLAVIVS GRATIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS GRATIANVS AVGVSTVS Assassinated
375 to 385 Valentinian II FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS Deposed; died in suspicious circumstances
383 to 388 Magnus Maximus MAGNVS MAXIMVS   Rival in the west; deposed and executed
c.386 to 388 Flavius Victor FLAVIVS VICTOR   Fate uncertain
392 to 394 Eugenius FLAVIVS EVGENIVS   Usurper in the west; killed in battle

Britannic Empire 286 to 297[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
286 to 293 Carausius MARCVS AVRELIVS MAVSAEVS    
293 to 297 Allectus not known not known  

Late Roman Empire[adihtan]

Theodosian Dynasty[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
388 to 17 January 395 Theodosius I the Great FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; emperor in the east from 379
23 January 393 to 395 Flavius Augustus Honorius FLAVIVS HONORIVS   Becoming emperor in the west

Western Empire[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
395 to 15 August 423 Honorius FLAVIVS AVGVSTVS HONORIVS   Co-emperor with Constantius III (421)
409 to 410 Priscus Attalus     Claimant
414 to 415 Priscus Attalus     Claimant
409 to 411 Constantine III     Claimant
411 to 412 Jovinus     Claimant
421 to 421 Constantius III     Co-emperor with Honorius
423 to 425 Joannes IOANNES   Claimant
425 to 16 March 455 Valentinian III FLAVIVS PLACIDVS VALENTINIANVS    
17 March 455 to 31 May 455 Petronius Maximus FLAVIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS    
June 455 to 17 October 456 Avitus MARCVS MAECILIVS FLAVIVS EPARCHIVS AVITVS    
457 to 2 August 461 Majorian IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS   Abdicated
461 to 465 Libius Severus LIBIVS SEVERVS    
12 April 467 to 11 July 472 Anthemius PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS   Executed
July 472 to 2 November 472 Olybrius ANCIVS OLYBRIVS    
5 March 473 to June 474 Glycerius     Abdicated
June 474 to August 475 Julius Nepos     Emperor in the West until 475, Emperor in Dalmatia 477 to May 480; fled; murdered
31 October 475 to August 476 Romulus Augustus
Romulus Augustulus
ROMVLVS AVGVSTVS   Deposed by Odoacer; fate unknown
For continuation, see: list of Barbarian kings of Italy

Ēasterne Rīce[adihtan]

Rícetíd Gemǣne nama Āgennama & Tītul
æt byrde/
on ǣfne rīces onfenges
Cāserlic nama Nōtas
26 February 364 to 17 November 375 Valentinian I FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Valens 364 to 378
28 March 364 to 9 August 378 Valens FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
September 365 to 27 May 366 Procopius   PROCOPIVS Usurper; executed by Valens
24 August 367 to 383 Gratianus FLAVIVS GRATIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS GRATIANVS co-emperor with Valentinian II (375 to 392); assassinated
19 January 379 to 17 January 395 Theodosius I The Great FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor in the west from 388
383 to January 395 Arcadius FLAVIVS ARCADIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS ARCADIVS AVGVSTVS Becoming Byzantine Emperor January 395

Byzantisce Cáseras

For continuation, see: List of Byzantine Emperors

Séo éac[adihtan]

Bysen:Epochs of Roman Emperors

Útanwearde bendas[adihtan]