America's Cup

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America's Cup (on Englisce American Cuppe mǣnende) is sigebēacen þe is gifen þǣm hēape þe oferwinþ þā wiþrǣsendan hēapas on sæglunge cræfte, and is þæt ieldeste wyrcende sigebēacen on geondfolclicum pleginge.

Ǣrost "Royal Yacht Squadron Cup" hātte, hit ǣrost wearþ gehāten "America's Cup" æfter þǣm ǣorstan plegscipe þe wann þæt sigebēacen, þæt America. Þæt sigebēacen wæs gehealden fram þǣm New York Yacht Club fram þǣm 1887. gēare (þā þā se hēap se þe oferwann þā Cuppan geald þæt sigebēacen þǣm gylde) ōþ þæt 1983. þā wæs sēo Cuppe genumen be þǣm Royal Perth Yacht Club, mid heora plegscipe, Australia II, endiende þone lengestan tīman siga on þǣm stǣre pleginge þisra daga.[1]

Sēo American Cuppan winnung is gebēote gedrifen tæl gemacra rǣsa betweox twǣm plegscipum þe is gedēmed fram þǣm Cartan Giefe þe wæs þæt þing þe wæs gebrocen tō giefenne þā Cuppan tō þǣm New York Yacht Club. Ǣnig plegscipa gyld þe fulfylleþ þā þearfa þā sindon gesett on þǣre Cartan Giefe hæfþ þæt riht tō beclipienne þone plegscipa gyld þe hielt tā Cuppan. Gif se beclipenda plegscipa gyld oferwinne þone ōðer on rǣse is þǣre Cuppan āgenung gifen tō þǣm plegscipa gylde.

Fram þǣre þriddan gefæstnunge þǣre Cuppan on þǣm 1876. gēare ōþ þā twentigoðan gefæstunge on þǣm 1967., þǣr wæs ā ān beclipiend and ān andfengend, þēah þe se NYYC dyde andfengendes cēosunge tæl tō cēosenne þæt plegscip þe hī mōton gebrūcan on rǣse. Fram þǣm 1970. gēare wæs cearu ymb beclipunge swā grēat þæt se NYYC undegann tō lǣtenne manige beclipiendas to dōnne cēosunge winninge ongemang him selfum, and se oferwinnend weorðende gesett tō Beclipiende and gānde forþ tō þǣm sōðan American Cuppan rǣse. Fram ðǣm 1983. gēare ōþ þæt 2007., Louis Vuitton awreðode þā Louis Vuitton Cup (þe mǣnþ "Loises Vuittones Cuppe") tō sigelēane tō þǣm oferwinnende þæs beclipienda cēosunge getæles.

Sēo Cuppe winnung atihteþ brimmenn and plegscipa amearciendas for hire langum stǣre āre. Hēo nis nā efne afandung sæglunge līste, bātes and sægles timberes, ac ēac feohrǣrunge and dihtunge cræfta. Fram þǣre forman beorgunge on þǣm 1870. wǣron þā rǣsas betweox swīðe grēatum (65 fōta/20 metera oþþe mārum on wæteres andwlitan) rǣsendum plegscipum þe wǣron geāht fram fullweligum gamenmannum. Þis wearþ mǣst on rǣsum mid formicelum J-cundum plegscipum in þām 1930. gēare, þǣm 1934., and þǣm 1937.

Æfter þǣre Ōðran Woruldgūðe wurdon nēan twentig gēar lēas becleopunge, and þæs se Nīwes Eoferwīces Plegscipa Gyld macode hweorfunga on þǣre Cartan tō lǣtenne þā smalran and læs dēoran twelfra metera gecyndes plegscipu tō winnenne, and þis gecynd wæs genotod ōþ þæt 1987. þā þā his stede wæs genumen be þǣm Geondrīciscan American Cuppan Gecynde.

Sēo American Cuppe þæs 2010. gēares wæs rǣsed in 90 fōta (27 metera) manighulum plegscipum on twēgra bāta winnunge, þǣre agylda þe oferdrīfþ on þrim rǣsum fēhþ sige, in Valencie in Spēonlande on Solmōnaðe þæs 2010. Se becleopiend BMW Oracle Racing oferdrāf þone healdere Alinghi mid twǣm sigum wiþ nānne and nam þā Cuppan for þǣm Gyldenes Geates Plegscipa Gylde.

Fruman[adihtan | adihtan fruman]

  1. Brād spell þæs cann wesan gefunden on þǣre bēc fram John Rousmaniere (1983). The America's Cup 1851-1983. Pelham Books.