Rædwald

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Rædwald (ēac (H)ræðwald), Tytilan sunu, wæs þæs ēasternan Angelfolces cyning ymb 600 CE oþ his dēaþ in 624 CE. Fram 616 CE hē wearþ sē rīcosta brytencyning besūþan þǣre Humbran, and campes framscipum macede hē Norþanhymbranisc aloten dihtend tō beorgenne willan his. Hē wæs forma Angel cyning begietan Crīstendōmes tæcinge and fulwiht (fram þǣre Cantwareburge sande), and healp elnian hine wiþ þone frambige of Ēastseaxum and Cente. Hē is se gecorenosta mann for þā namcūþan Sūþtūn Hōh scipbyrgenna. In þǣm nigoðan hundgēare hē is reord in þǣm Angelseaxiscum Cranicum tō wesenne Brytenwealda.

Endebyrdum[adihtan]

Þā forman and fullestan wrītunga be Rædwalde is Bēda þæm Stǣre Angelþeodes cyricean, þe sægþ þæt his rīce betwēonum þǣre Augustiniscan sande cyme tō Cente (on þǣm 597 gēare) and þǣre ǣwnunge and cierringe Ēadwines of Norþanhymbran (fram 625 oþ 26). Consula æfterran trahtas (mid ungewislīcum dōme) secgaþ þæt Rædwaldes dēaþ twā, æt 599 and 624, swā wēnunga þæt ofhende consula for 599 wæs for Tytilan dēaþ and Rædwaldes āhafennesse.

Rædwaldes Rīce[adihtan]

For Rædwaldes geong līf wealdendeu hūs of ōþerum rīcum wæron becumende stranglic fæstedon. Æðelbryht of Cent (forewesede 560-616) wæs weddede Berctan, Frankisc Charibertes of Paris crīstene dohtor. Ceawlin West-Seaxna, mæst swīþ bregu sūþ fram Humbre, æwde Æðelbryhtes infare fram Cent til 584, þā æfter feohtende þære Brytena in Oxnafordscīr his rīce wanede and Æðelbryht āhte gelīc rīce. In Mierce seo heolstoru līcnes Creoda, Iceles bearn, befæstede his cynnes grēatness. Norþ fram Humbre ēa þā twā Deira rīcu (on Eoforwic) and þæt māra norþerne Bernice (on Bamburgh) hæfdedon wiðerhȳdigu rīcu. Ælla of Deira racede til his dēaþ in 588, lǣfende Acha dohtor and Edwin sunu swā mid þriddum siblinge. Þæt Bernicisc rīce (gewæred cȳþþe West Seaxnan) wæs elnende rīcsunge, and Edwin gamolede in wræce in Cadfan ap lago cafortūn of Gwynedde. In missenlicu wīg þæt Bernicisc Æðelfriþ geānlǣcede Norþanhymbranisc rīce, and in 604 brōhte Deira under his ānwealde.

Rædwaldes Cynn[adihtan]

Rædwaldes gecynd fram Wuffan, Wuffinges genamed leōdfruma, is Bedes word. Hē wæs geboren betweox þǣm 560 gēare and 580 and wæs (gelīce ieldra) Enian brōþor. Wēnunga for þǣm 590um hē beweddede hæðenum wīfe mid hēagum cyste mōdstaðole hwæs naman is ne cūþne. Fram hire hē hæfd be þæm læstan twā suna, Rægenhere (alder) and Eorpwald. Ēac hē hæfd Sigeberht, ealder sunu oþþe stēopsunue.

Sē nama 'Sigeberht' is ne gelīc ænig ōþerne Wuffing naman, ac hē is mǣnelic mid þǣm Ēastseaxa rīce. Sledde of Essex (rīcsede c 587-604) beweddede Ricula, Æðelbryhtes sweostor. Æðelbryht āhealp his nefan æfterfylgendnesse, hira sunu, in Ēastseaxe, mid æfter þæm tūm cyningum becōmon of Crīstendōm. Hit is manade þæt Rædwaldes wīf ǣr beweddede þæm cynnes gildan and Sigeberht wæs (swā sægþ William of Malmesbury) Rædwaldes stēopsunue. Sigeberht (þæt grēow in hæðenum hūse) earnode þā fēondrædenne Rædwaldes, þȳs drīfan him mid giestinge in Gaul, wēnunga weardian his āgenum blōde cynnes.