Oþomanisce Rīce

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Þæt Oþomanisce Rīce

Þæt Oþomanisce Rīce (in hiere agansprǣce دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه oððe Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye) wæs rīce on þrim worulddǣlum of ðara Middelyldum oð his ende on 1923, forþæm þe his landrīce onwreag land in westernum Asie, ēasternum Europan and on norþernum Affrice. Oft hātt man þis rīce þæt Turcisc Rīce oððe Turcland.

Þæs rīce wæs be Turciscum mægþum gestaðoled under Osman Brego in þæm norþwesterdæl þære Lǣssum Asie in 1299.[1]

Constaninopoles feoll[adihtan]

In 1453 feall þā caserelice ceastre Constantinopolis, be Mehmed II anām, and mid swylcum sige weard þæs rīce casererīce. Þæt rīce wæs æt his hēaste ylde in 1590, æt swylcum dæg onwrag hit micel landscipe on Asie, Europan and Affrice. His bregas þæs Oþoman cynecynn læstedon for 623 wintrum, of Mǣdmōnaþ in 1299.

Se Bryttsca stǣrwritere Eadweard Gibbon wrāt:

"Hit wæs on þæm seofen and tweontigoþ dæge in Mǣdmōnaþ in þæm geare twelf hund nigon and nigontig þæs Cristen ylde þe Oþoman ærrste onswog þone landrīce Nicomedie…"[2]

Of þæm þinge secgð man þe swylce dæg is þæs rīces staþoldæd. Hit læstede oþ 1. Blōtmōnaþe in 1922, þær wæs Turcena cynedōm gedielegd.[3]

Þa hēan dagan þæs rīces[adihtan]

In þæm 16. and 17. gearhundum wæs þæt Oþomanisce Rīce micel rīce and wæs ān þæm rīcostan rīcum and mihtigostan on middangearde, and his hēast yld wæs in Suleimanes cynedōme þæs hāt man Se Mǣrlica. Hit wæs rīce geond manigum þēodum, mid manigum gereordum se belæg of Germanie sūþernum gemæro and Wienes ecge. Andlang þæs rīces mearcum wæron Cynelice Ungerland (se is nū Slofacia) and Polaland be norþen and Gemen and Æriþrea be sūðen. His landrīce wæs of Algerie in his westdæle oþ Azerbaicgan in his ēastdæle[4] and manig rīciu ofer þās landum geafon gafol.

Æt þæs 17. gearhundes ongyne hæfde þæt Oþomanisce Rīce tū and þritig underrīce and missenlice gerēfland, hwærof cwōmon sum in þæt rīce. Ēac hwīlwendlice gestrynde þæt rīce weald ofer feorrum landum ofersæ þurh meldum for þæs Oþoman Breges holdscipe and his Æftergengan, to bysene se meld be þæm Aceh Brego in 1565, or þurh hwīlwendlicum ǣhte of īegum swa swa Lansarote in þæm garsecge in 1585.[5]

Ceapung[adihtan]

Þæs rīces hēafodstōl wæs Constantinopolis and hit hæfde micel weald ymbe Wendelsǣ and þȳ wæs þæt Oþomanisce Rīce æt cēapunge and folcmittunge nafelan betweonum þæm ēastdæle and þæm westdæle þære worulde for siexe hund wintrum.

Ende þæs rīces[adihtan]

In Winterfylleþ in 1923 sæt se Micla Þēodmōt of Turcland in Ancyran and onmelded the establishment of Turcland þā Cynewīsan and be þssum naman ended þæt Turcena rīce þæt Oþomanisce Rīce. Se bregodōm wæs gedielgod on 1. Blōtmōnaþ 1922 and se endmesta brego, be naman Mehmed VI, forlæt Constantinopolis on þǣm 17. dæge þæs ilcan monþes. His brodor abad be titul Calif' oððe Æftergenga, se wæs Mahometmanna hēafod ac swylce wæs þēos gesetnes gedielgod on 3. Hreþmonaþ 1924 and his scīr þæm Miclan Þēodmōte gegiefen.

Naman[adihtan]

In þæm Turcan gereorde þæs Oþomaniscum hired wæs þæs rīces nama Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه), oððe by oþre naman Osmanlı Devleti (عثمانلى دولتى). Of þæm 19. gearhunde weard se nama Osmanlı Devleti (Ottomanrīce) weard gecenned on his burgmannum and ambehtum.</ref> In todæges Turcisc sprǣce secgþ man for þæm ealdum rīce Osmanlı Devleti oððe Osmanlı İmparatorluğu, swa swa on Niwenglisc sæd man Turkish Empire (se is se Turcisce Rīce) oððe Turkey (Turcland).[6]

Glēsing[adihtan]

  1. Encyclopedia Britannica - Ottoman Empire, empire created by Turkish tribes in Anatolia
  2. (Gibbon, Edward: The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire)
  3. Temel Britannica, Ana Yayıncılık-Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1992, Cilt 18, Sh. 41–96; Türkiye. ISBN 975-7760-02-1
  4. Stephen Turnbull, The Ottoman Empire 1326–1699, Essential histories, vol. 62, Essential histories, 2003. [from article of the back cover]
  5. Turciscan Scipheres webbsted: "Atlantik'te Türk Denizciliği"
  6. Biliþ:The_London_Gazzette_(Thursday,_9_January_1672).jpg