Harold III Norrena Cyning

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Harold
Harald Hardraades saga-Harald og Svein-W. Wetlesen.jpg
Cynedom 1046 - 25 Hærfæstmonaþ 1066
Foregenga Magnus I
Æftergenga Magnus II
Bryd Elisiv Cænugeardes Hlæfdige
Þora Þorbergsdatter
Bearn
Ingegerd Dena and Swēona Cwēn
Magnus II Norrena Cyning
Anlaf III Norrena Cyning
Full nama
Harald Sigurdsson
Fæder Sigurd Syr
Modor Åsta Gudbrandsdatter
Geboren Ringerike, Norþweg
Deaþ 25 Hærfestmonaþ 1066

Harald Sigurdsson oððe Harold III (c. 1015 – 25 September 1066) wæs Norrena Cyning of 1046 oð 1066 þær forþferde he on wælfelde. Æfterylde geafen him þone etternaman Harðráði, se is “Heard ræd”. His ærrsta cynedōm wæs in Magnes dagum cyning þær wæs Harold undercyning, ac æfter Magnes deaþ in 1047 wæs Harold Norþmanna ānwealda.

In his dagum sohtede Harold ēac cynedom on Denum and on Englum ac he næfde gelimpe in þissum. Beforan þe he wæs cyning, ferde Harold on wræcce. In þissum wintrum wæs he heretoga on Russum æt Cænugearde, þe rīce gefundon be Swēonum, and þæræft fōr he to Constantinopolis and þegned swa heretōga ofer þæm Wæringa Wearde þæs Constantinopolis Rīces.

Līf and wig[adihtan]

Þær wæs he fiftiene winter, in 1030, feahte Harold æt þære Stiklestad Beadwe mid his healf-brodor Anlaf Haroldsson. Anlaf wolde eft gewinnan þone Norðmanna cynedōm, þe he hæfde gelosen to þæm Dena cyning Cnut se Micel fore twegen winter. On þæm wælfelde fremmeden Cnut sige, and Harold be niede fōr on wræcce on Russe. On Russum anām he his byrne in þæm here þæs Hēah Brego Eoreslaf se Wīs, and rās he to beon hēafodman. Ymbe 1034 fōr Harold to Constantinopolis. In Constantinopolis, eftsōn rās to weodenne heretoga þæs Cāseres Wæringa Weard, and he feaht in cempan on Wendelsǣ, in þære Lǣssan Asie, in Sicilie and on Pulgarum (þær wæs his binama "Pulgareonbærna", and gewene ēac in þæm Hāligan Lande. In Constantinopolis abrāc selefriþe and Harold him befeald in strīþe in þæm cynehūs. Bēc secgað ðe Harold self ablindede Michael V Cāsere forþæm þe Zoe Cwēn mōt habban weald in þæm rīce in his stede.

Æt Constantinopolis weard Harold swið rīce. He afōr of þære ceastre in 1043/4, and fōr eft on Russe ðe he mōt sēcan cynedōm on Norþmannum. Þær cwōm Harold eft on Norþmenn fund he þe Anlafes bastard sunu Magnus I Norrena Cyning, Haroldes nefa, hæfde aworpen þā Dena of þæm lande and wæs þeodcyning, ac Harold sōhtede þone cynehelm. Magnus nolde feohtan his agan ēam and begen gecwaþen þe Magnus and Harold wolde bēon cyningas ætgædre and begen wolden bedælan Haroldes gold. Æfter ānum winter forþferde Magnus and his wille wæs þe Harold biþ Norrena cyning and Swegn biþ Dēna cyning. Þy weard Harold Norþweges anwealdend.

Harold ne ricsode on Dēnum forþæm þe in þæm rīce wealdede Swegn. Harold hæfde crafunge for þæm cynedōme and ælc sumor oð 1064 fremmede he scipfyrdung on Dēnum. Oððeæt ðe he hæfde sige on wælfelde næfre sæt he on þæm cynestōl þæs rīces. Eftsōn æfter þe he ofgeaf his Denisc crafinge, cwōm him Tostig Godwinson, se wæs Haroldes II Engla Cyninges brōðor, and Tostige gehātt Harold Sigurdsson to sēcan þone Engliscan cynedōm. Tostig swār his trōþ to Harold and Norrena Cyning brōhtede his sciphere on Eoferwicescīre in Hærfestmonaþ 1066. Þær gewunnode Harold micel sige ofer þæm Englum æt Fulford Fēoht. His wynn endode æt gūþe æt Standfordbrycge on 25 Hærfestmonaþ, þær feall he on þæm wælfelde, and wæs be Haroldes Godwinessones þrēate geslēan.

Haroldes dēaþ at Standfordbrycge, hwæræt endode þā onswegunge, oft secgð man is se ende þære Wicing Ylde. Harold is ēac gemæne held to have been se endmesta micla Wicingcyning, and sum mann secgþ se endmesta micla Wicing.

Frūman[adihtan]