America's Cup

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America's Cup (on Englisce American Cuppe mǣnende) is sigebēacen gifen þǣm þrēate þe oferwinþ þā wiþrǣsendan þrēatum on sæglunge cræfte, and is þæt ieldeste wyrcende sigebēacen on geondfolclicum indryhtegamenum.

Ǣrost "Royal Yacht Squadron Cup" (þe mǣnþ "Cyninglic Plegscipa Swēotes Cuppe"), hit ǣrost wearþ gecūþ swā "America's Cup" æfter þǣm ǣorstan plegscipe þe wann þæt sigebēacen, þæt America. Þæt sigebēacen wæs gehealden fram þǣm New York Yacht Club (þe mǣnþ "Nīwes Eoforwīces Plegscipa Gyld") fram 1887 (þā þā se þrēat se þe oferwann þā Cuppan geald þæt sigebēacen þǣm gylde) oþ 1983 þǣr wæs sēo Cuppe genumen be þǣm Royal Perth Yacht Club (þe mǣnþ "Cyninglic Perðes Plegscipa Gyld"), mid heora plegscipe, Australia II, endiende þone lengestan tīman siga on þǣm stǣre indryhtegamenes.[1]

Sēo American Cuppan winnung is gebēote gedrifen tæl gemacra rǣsa betweox twǣm plegscipum þe is gedēmed fram þǣm Cartan Giefe þe wæs þæt þing gebrocen tō giefenne þā Cuppan tō þǣm New York Yacht Club. Ǣnig plegscipa gyld þe fulfyleþ þā þearfa gecoren on þǣre Cartan Giefe hæfþ þæt riht tō beclipienne þone plegscipa gyld þe hielt tā Cuppan. Gif se beclipenda plegscipa gyld oferwinne þone ōðer on rǣse is þǣre Cuppan āgenung gifen tō þǣm plegscipa gylde.

Fram þǣre þriddan gefæstnunge þǣre Cuppan on 1876 oþ þā twentigoðan gefæstunge on 1967, þǣr wæs ā ān beclipiend and ān andfengend, þēah þe se NYYC dyde andfengendes cēosunge tæl tō cēosenne þæt plegscip þe hī mōton gebrūcan on rǣse. Fram 1970 wæs cearu ymb beclipunge swā grēat þæt se NYYC undegann tō lǣtenne manige beclipiendas to dōnne cēosunge winninge ongemang him selfum, and se oferwinnend weorðende geset tō Beclipiende and gānde forþ tō þǣm sōðan American Cuppan rǣse. Fram 1983 oþ 2007, Louis Vuitton awreðode þā Louis Vuitton Cup (þe mǣnþ "Loises Vuittones Cuppe") tō sigelēane tō þǣm oferwinnende þæs beclipienda cēosunge getæles.

Sēo Cuppe atihteþ brimmenn and plegscipa amearciendas for hire langum stǣre āre. Hēo nis nā efne afandung sæglunge līste, bātes and sægles timberes, ac ēac feohrǣrunge and dihtunge crafta. Fram þǣre forman beorgunge on 1870 wǣron þā rǣsas betweox swīðe grēatum (65ra fōta/20ra metera oþþe grēatrum on wæterlīne) rǣsendum plegscipum þe wǣron geāht fram fullwēligum gamenmannum. Þis wearþ grēatost on rǣsum mid formicelum J-cundum plegscipum in 1930, 1934, and 1937.

Æfter þǣre Ōðran Woruldgūðe wurdon nēan twentig gēar lēas becleopunge, and þæs se Nīwes Eoferwīces Plegscipa Gyld macode hweorfunga on þǣre Cartan tō lǣtenne þā smalran and læs dēoran twelfra metera gecyndes plegscipu tō winnenne, and þis gecynd wæs genotod oþ 1987 þā þā his stede wæs genumen be þǣm Geondrīciscan American Cuppan Gecynde.

Sēo American Cuppe of 2010 wæs rǣsed in 90ra fōta (27ra metera) manighulum plegscipum on ānwiþānlicre winnunge, þǣre agylda þe oferdrīfþ on þrim rǣsum fēhþ sige, in Valencie in Spēonlande on Solmōnaðe 2010. Se becleopiend BMW Oracle Racing oferdrāf þone healdere Alinghi mid twǣm sigum wiþ nāne and nam þā Cuppan for þǣm Gyldenes Geates Plegscipa Gylde.

Fruman[adihtan]

  1. Brād spell þæs cann wesan gefunded on þǣre bēc be John Rousmaniere (1983). The America's Cup 1851-1983. Pelham Books.